HOEVEN, (lioo•'EN), .TAN VAN DER (1802-6S). A distinguished Dutch naturalist. Ile was born in Rotterdam; studied medicine and natural history at Leyden and Paris; be came professor of at Leyden in 1826, and held this position until his death. Ilk most important work is his Windhoek der Dierkunde 12 vols., 1827-33). An English translation, by Professor Clark of Cambridge, under the title Handbook of Zoology, was issued, with impor tant additions by both the author and the editor, in 1856-58.—His elder brother, CORNELIS PAM'S ( 1792-1871), was professor of medicine in the University of Leyden, and author of several im portant works, including: De Ilistorin Medieinm (1842); De Ilistorin Iforborum (184G); and Do Ilistoria Mcdicamcntorum (1847).
HOF, hid. A town of Bavaria, situated on the Saale, in Upper Franconia, 32 miles north east of Bayreuth (Map: Germany, D 3). It has
an attractive thirteenth-century church, recent ly restored, with some interesting contents, and an old Gothic Rathans. There are a gymnasium, opened in 1546, and a hospital dating from 1260. The numerous textile manufacturing establish ments produce chiefly cotton and woolen goods. There are also exported machinery and other iron and steel products, chemicals. vinegar, pottery, and leather. Hof, with its industrial activities, is well equipped with commercial unions and banks. It has electric lights, water-works, and canal communication. The town was founded about the end of the eleventh century. The orig inal name was Regnitzhof. It was almost de stroyed by fire in 1823. Population, in 1890, 24,455; in 1900, 32.781: mostly Protestants.