IBYGITS, (Lat., from Gk. '113vsor, Ibykos). A Greek lyric poet of the sixth century B.C., born at Rhegium in Italy. He lived the life of a wandering minstrel, and passed some time at the Court of Polycrates, the tyrant of Samos. The story of his death near Corinth, and the de tection of his murderers by means of a flock of cranes, which has been so beautifully told by Schiller in Die Kraniche des lbykus, is based on a similarity between the name of the poet and the Greek Ove, 'a crane.' Of his poems, which were mostly of an erotic character, only frag ments have been preserved. These are published by Schneidewin, lbyci Rhegini Carminunt Reli gnite (Giittingen, 1833) ; and in Bergk, Poctce Lyrici Gavel, iii. (Leipzig, 1882).
ICA, Vka. A maritime department of Peru, bounded by the departments of Lima and Huan cavelica on the north, Ayacucho on the east, Arequipa on the southeast, and the Pacific on the southwest (Map: Peru, B 6). Area, 8718 square miles. The surface is of varied formation. The eastern part is mountainous, the western is lower and traversed by ridges of low hills. The climate is hot and dry, and the soil, with the exception of the valleys, is thin. The vine and sugar-cane are cultivated extensively; corn, cotton, and indigo are also raised. The popula tion was officially estimated, in 1896, at 90,962.
ICA. The capital of the Peruvian department of the same name, situated on the river Ica. 46 miles by rail from Pisco on the coast (Map: Peru. B 6). It manufactures wine and brandy. It was founded in 1563. and has suffered greatly from earthquakes. Popnlation, estimated at 10,000.
ICA, 4-sli', or PUTUMAYO, An important tributary of the Amazon. It rises in the Colombian Andes, and flows southeasterly in a very tortuous course, joining the Amazon near San Antonio in the Brazilian State of Ama zonas (Map: Brazil, D 4). Its total length is about 1000 miles, and it is navigable during the rainy season for nearly 900 miles. The region through which it flows is very sparsely in habited and covered mostly with thick forests, so that at present the commercial value of the river is unimportant. The Ica was partly ex plored in 1878-79.
ICARIA, 1-1:5'fi-fl (Lat., from Gk. 'Isapia, Ikaria). A deme of Attica, where excavations were carried on by the American School at Athens in 1888, when many interesting remains were found. Icaria is noted as the birthplace of Thespis. and as the spot to which legend as signs the introduction of vine-making and of the cult of Dionysus by the god himself.