KORSCHELT, EUGEN (1858—). A German zoologist, born at Zittau. He studied in Heidelberg, Leipzig. and Freiburg, where he obtained his degree in 1882. From 1882 to 1884 he was assistant in the Zoologisches Institut in Leipzig; in 1885 he was appointed privat. docent at Freiburg, and in 1887 at Berlin. In 1892 he became professor of zoOlogy and com parative anatomy in :Marburg. His writings include: Ucber die Entstehung end Betieutung tier rcrgleichcndcn Zellenelemente des Inseetenora riums (1886); Lehrbuch der rergleichenden Ent teicklungsgeschichte der t•irbellown Thierc (with K. Heider. 1890-93, trans. into Eng. as Text-book of the Embryology of Invertebrates, 1895-1900) ; Ucbcr die Entwicklung run Dreisscna polymorpha Pallas (1891) ; zur Enttricklungsgc schiehte der Kephalopoden (1892).
KoRTING, kiWting. GUSTAV German philologist, whose special branch is Romance and English. Ile was born in Dresden. and taught there after four years of study at Leipzig (1863-67). He went to Ntimsster in 1876, and in 1892 to Kiel as professor of Ro mance philology. In 1879 he became editor with
Koschwitz of the Zeitschrift fiir neufratzzosisehe Spraehc end bitteratur, and in the following year of Franzosisehe Studien. His more important works are: Ueber die Oldie,: des Roman de Ron (1867); Diktys and Dares: Bin licitray zur Gc schichte der Troja-Sagc (1874) ; Boccaccios Lcben undWerkc( 1880) ; Die infii nye der Renaissance litteratur in Italien (1882); the very valuable Eneyklopiidie and .lfcthodoloyir der romanischen Philologie (1884-SS) Grundriss der Gesehiehle der englischen Litteratur (1887); and Formen lehre der fronziisischeu Sprach(' (1893).—HErv RICH (1859-90), a brother of Gustav, like him was a Romance scholar. Ile was horn in Leip zig, became privat-doeent in 1885, and in 1889 professor in the University of Leipzig. He wrote aesehichte des franzosischen Romans int sieb zchnten Jahrhundcrt (2d ed. 1891).