FLORA. .lava is an i-land with many botanical zones. The deep black soil produces a richness and an abundance of products in the vegetable kingdom that is absolutely without parallel in any other part of the world within an area so limited. Almost all the are evergreen, and most of the villages seem to be concealed by the perpetual verdure. The lowest zone. from -ea-level to 2000 feet, has the most extensive area. Here the heat is tropical, and here we find rice, sugar, cotton, indigo. mangoes, and palm trees. The swamps and plains are covered by cultivated areas. thickets of bamboo, patches of grass, and a profusion of flowers. The second level, which extends from 2000 to 4500 feet (the heat is moderate), produces coffee, tea, cinchona, dozens of varieties of palms, fruits, vegetables, teak, mahogany, sandalwood. rubber and earn pbor trees. rattan. bamboo, many fancy and rare
woods. and thousands of vines and flowering shrubs. The third zone, from 4500 to 7500 feet, is moderately cool. and produce; maize. tobacco, cabbages. potatoes. etc.: and in the fourth zone (7500 to 12.000 feet) the flora i; European in character. including violets, daisies, buttercups, honeysuckle, royal cowslip. lily of the valley, etc. The fruits are abundant. and include oranges. limes. pumelos. the cocoanut. banana, mango. mango-.teen. the duke, the rambutan. and the durian. In the gardens near the houses of the natives the odors of the blooming flowers load the air. About one-fourth of the area of Java is reckoned as forest, and only in recent years has this source of wealth been taken advantage of. Teak is the chief wood exported.