LANJUINAIS, JEAN DENS, Count de (1753-1827). A French statesman and publicist, born at Rennes. He made an early success at the bar of Rennes, and in 1775 became professor of ecclesiastical law in the university there. In 1789 he was chosen Deputy to the States-General. He distinguished himself as one of the most advanced members of the party that desired a constitutional monarchy in France, and was one of the founders of the Breton Club which later developed into the Feuillants and .Jaeobins. In June. 1790, Lanjuinais demanded the abolition of all titles, and in Slay, 1791, the admission of negroes to all the rights of citizenship. He was returned a member of the Legislative Assembly which succeeded the Constituent Assembly in 1791: but the radical reform movement, of which be had been a leader, was now getting beyond his control, and this gave the color of reaction to his role in the new Assembly. In the Convention he acted with the Girondists. and protested with vehemence against the act of accusation of the King, against the right of the Assembly to judge him. and against the forms employed, yet at the last voted with those who found the King guilty tinder the accusation; but he voted for banish ment as the last means to save the King's life. Ife was eventually proscribed and his arrest ordered, hut he escaped and concealed himself at Rennes until the fall of Robespierre. In 1795 he was chosen a member of the Council of An cients, and in 1800 he became a member of the Senate, where he opposed Bonaparte's monarchial schemes. In 1808 he was created a count, how
ever, and a member of the historieal section of the Institute. lie favored the deposition of Na poleon, and was created a peer at the first Res toration. During the Hundred Days he became president of the Chamber of Deputies, but on the second Restoration resumed his neat in the Cham ber of Peers. He was a member of the tribunal which tried Marshal Ney, and one of thy seven teen who voted for exile. Ile died in Paris, Janu ary 13, 1827. His political, legal, and historical works were collected and published in four vol umes (Paris, 1832), with a life by his son. These include: Constitutions de la nation francuise (1815 ) and De l'organisation munieipalc en France (1821).—His second son, VICTOR AM muisE. Vicomte de LANJUINAIS. was born in Paris in 1802, studied law, and in 1837-48 was a mem ber of the Chamber of Deputies. In 1848 he was elected to the Constituent Assembly, and sub sequently to the Legislative body. lie was Min ister of Commerce and Agriculture from June to October, 1849, resigning, however. to become a member of the Opposition. He was imprisoned at the time of the coup d'i-tat of December. 1851. In 1863 he entered the Corps He died January 2, 1869. He was the author of several works on political economy.