JEAN PIERRE EDMOND (1812-92) . A French admiral and historian, born at Brest. Ile was the son of Pierre Roch Jurien de In Graviere (1772-1849, created vice-admiral in 1331). Captain of a corvette in 1841. he became captain of a ship in 1350. and during the Cri mean Wa r was created rear-admiral ( 1355 ) . Charged with the expedition to "Mexico (1R61 ), lie arranged with Great Britain and Spain the Treaty of Soledad ( IC62). and although leon TIT. refused to keep the terms of the treaty, he did not blame his vice-admiral, who was made aide-de-camp and given command of the Medi terranean fleet (1868-70). It was lie who man aged the flight of the Empress in 1870. In 1871 he was made dire•tof of charts in the Naval Office, and in 1SS5 was elected to the Academy. Ills works, which treat of naval subjects, include: Voyage en Chine pendant Its (1854; often reprinted) ; Gue•res marilimrs sous In Wpablique et sous l'Einpire (1847) ; Les cum Nunes d'Alexandrc (1883-84) ; Les gloircs mari times de la France (1383) ; Cumit-al llootssin (1339) ; Les Avglais et les Hollandais duns ass niers polaircs et inns les mers des links (MO) ; Lc siege de La Rochelle (1891); Eu flottillc de l'Euphrate (1892) ; and Us qucux de vier (3d
ed. 1892). In 1866 lie became a member of the Academy of Sciences.
JURIEU, Z111:1're-i?, PIERRE ( 1637-1713). A French Protestant theologian, the son of a min ister at :Mei., whom he succeeded as pastor, after having visited Holland and England. He became professor at the Academy of Sedan in 1674, which institution was broken up by the Jesuits in 1681. Exposed to persecution for one of his writings, he fled to Holland, and became pas tor of the Walloon Church at Rotterdam. Be is chiefly remembered as a bitter and rancorous controversialist. His zeal and the self-assertion which marked the expression of his views led him into wordy battles with theologians so promi nent as Bayles Basnage de Beauval. Bossuet, and al-otitis, which were conducted with the greatest acrimony on all sides. His voluminous writings are now esteemed as little more than euriosities of the period in which lie lived, with the excep tion of a few that are of lasting value. Among these are: llistoire du Calri»isme et cells du Papisme (1682), and Histoire critique des dog Ines et des elates (1704).