KIN'NOR ( Deb. kinnor, harp. lyre). A musical instrument of the ancient Hebrews; simi lar to the zither or harp, and provided with 32 strings.
KINO (apparently of East Indian origin). The concrete exudation of certain tropical tree-, especially the Ptcrocorrpus inarsupium (natu ral order Ieguminosiel, growing in the East Indies, which yields 'East Indian kino.' East Indian kino is the kind which now chiefly occurs in commerce, and is the ordinary kino quill kind of the shops. It is in small angular glistening fragment:, the smaller reddish, the larger almost black. Thin pieces are ruby-red. It is brittle and easily powdered, has no smell, but a very astringent taste. Bengal kino is a similar astringent substance, produced by Butea frondosa. 'Botany Bay kino' is the produce of Eucalyptus resinifera.
Rim) is soluble in alcohol. but very sparingly soluble in ether and in cold water. Its chief con stituent: are: Kinotannic acid, C„11„0,; pyro eatechin. CJI,(0111,; and kino red, a product
of oxidation of kinotarnic acid. The astringency of kino is. mainly due to its containing kino tannic acid. and in consequence of this property it is employed in medicine in certain forms of diarrhea (especially when a Aux seems to he kept up by want of tone in the intestinal capil laries), the best mode of prescribing it being as compound kino powder, which is a mixture of kino. cinnamon. and opium, the dose for an adult ranging from ten grains to a scruple. The medicinal tincture of kino forms an excel lent gargle for the relaxation of the uvula; it contains kino, glycerin, alcohol, and water. Kino is employed to a considerable extent in the East Indies as a cotton-dye. giving to the cotton the yellowish-brown color known as nankeen.