LALLY, ta'w, THOMAS Alumni, Baron de Tollendal, Count de (1702-66). A French gen eral and Governor in the Indies. born at Romans, in His father, Sir Gerard Lally, was an Irish Jacobite refugee, and commander of an Kish regiment. In his youth Lally distinguished himself as a soldier in Flooders. Later lie took part in the battle of Fontenot', and was made a brigadier-general on the field. in the same year (1745) lie accompanied Prince Charles Ed ward to Scotland, and in 1756 was made a lieu tenant-general and appointed commander-in-chief in the French East Indian settlements. He eom )(uwed hostilities against the British in India in 1758, took many places, and besieged Madras itself; but sustained a severe defeat near Van darachi, and was compelled to retreat to Pondi cherry, which was attacked in 1760 by a greatly superior British force. Lally held out for ten months; but Pondicherry fell on January 16. 1761. The Parlement of Paris, on May 6, 1766, condemned him to death for betraying the inter ests of the King and the East India Company, and the sentence was executed three days after.
His son procured a royal decree in 1778. declaring the condemnation unjust and restoring all the forfeited honors. This son, TROPHIME GERARD, Marquis de Lally-Tollendal, was born in Paris, March 5, 1751. He was a member of the States General and National Assembly in 1789, and acted with the Third Estate. He was in Switzer land during 1790 and 1791, and returning in the following year, became alarmed at the democratic tendencies of the National Assembly, and allied himself with the Court. He sought to protect the King, hut was himself obliged to flee to England. After the establishment of the Consulate he re turned to France and lived at Bordeaux. Louis XVIII. made him a peer in 1815; but he remained true to his political principles, and defended con stitutional liberty. He died March II, 1830. lie was the author of some Memoires, designed to aid in the rehabilitation of his father; also of the Defense des emigres (1794), which made a great sensation in France at the time of its appearance.