JALISCO, or XALISCO, rfa-livsk& One of the States of Mexico. bounded by the Ter ritory of Tepic and the States of Zacatecas and Aguas Calientes on the north, Guanajuato and Michoacan on the east, Michoacan and Colima. on the south, and the Paeifie Ocean on the west (Map: Mexico, G 7). Area, 31,846 square miles. The narrow strip of coastland is low and well in dented. The western part of the State rises toward the Sierra Madre in a series of terraced plateau, on which are scattered a number of volcanic cones and isolated peaks, the two high est of which are the volcano Colima (12.750 feet), and the extinct Nevado (I4,S54 feet). The central portion is occupied by the Sierra Madre del Pacifico, which divides the State into two parts, the eastern half forming a part of the great Mexican central plateau, Anahuac (q.v.), with an elevation of over 5000 feet. Jalisco has numerous lakes, including the largest lake of Mexico, Chapala (q.v.). drained
by the Rio Grande de Santiago, which, with its tributary, the Verde, is the chief river of the State. The climate is hot and un healthful in the lowlands of the coast, but mod erate in the interior. The soil is very fertile along the rivers and in the eastern part of the State. Corn, wheat, tobacco, cotton, sugar, and indigo are the chief agricultural products. Stock raising is also carried on to some extent, and rich silver-mines are worked. The chief manufactured products are coarse cotton and woolen goods, pottery, saddlery, and products of tobacco. Popu lation, in 1900, 1,137,311, consisting largely of Indians. The State is one of the. most prosperous and wealthy of Mexico. The capital is Guadala jara (q.v.). Jalisco once formed a part of the iiingdom of Nueva Galicia.