LIP'SIUS, JUSTUS. The Latinized form of Joest Lips (1547-1606), a celebrated philologian and humanist, born at Overyssche in Brabant. After studying at the Jesuit College in Cologne he went to the University of Louvain, where he pursued the study of law and the liberal arts. In 1567 he published a volume of essays. Variarum Leetionam. Libri Tres, which secured him the favor of Cardinal Granvella, who took him to Rome and made him his secretary. From 1569 to 1572 he led the life of a wandering scholar in the Low Countries, Germany, and Aus tria, turning Lutheran in the latter year to take the chair of history at .Jena, where he remained for two years. After living for sonic time at Cologne, Louvain, and Antwerp he became in 1579 professor of history at Leyden, embracing at the same time the Calvinistic faith. In 1590 he left Leyden, became reconciled with the Church, and received, in 1592, the chair of Latin at Louvain. There he remained till his death, which occurred April 24. 1606. Probably the greatest authority of his age on Roman antiqui ties. Lipsius contributed greatly to the develop ment of the study of the language and history of ancient Rome by a large number of editions of the Latin historians and philosophers, prOminent among which is the monumental edition of Taci tus, which has remained a standard to the pres ent day (1st ed., Antwerp. 1574; 6th ed.. cor
rected by the author, 1605). He also published editions of VeHeins Patereulus, IND.:, and Seneca, besides numerous original coy tributions dealing with the material and intel lectual life of the ancient Romans. Among these are: Dr Amphithcatro (15S4): Dr Truer (1593); De Militia Romana (1595): De Vesta Mins Syntagma (16031. His philosophical views, which were those of the Stoics. were embodied in the De Constantin. (1584) and the Hanuductio ad Stoiram Philosaphiam (1604). II is corre spondence was extensive and important. and has been repeatedly published in part. His Opera Omnia appeared at Antwerp in 1637. Consult: Galesloot. Partieularites sur la He dr •lushes Lipsius (Bruges. 1877) ; Amiel. Un publiciste du IBeme siecle; Juste Lipse (Paris. 1884).