LATROBE, Jonx HAZLEIIURST ( 1803-91 ) , son of Benjamin 11. Latrobe (1764-1820), born in Philadelphia. He became a cadet in the United States Military Academy at West Point, and subsequently studied law with Robert G. Harper, of Baltimore, and was called to the bar in 1825, His services as counsel were soon en gaged by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, with which he remained connected until his death. He was also engaged by Ross Winans in certain important litigations before the Russian courts, respecting the construction of the railroad be tween Saint Petersburg and "Moscow. The well known 'Latrobe stove' or 'Baltimore heater' was his invention. Aside from his professional duties, he was conspicuous in his devotion to the welfare of Baltimore. Druid Hill Park owes much to his care. He was one of the founders and a life-long promoter of the Maryland Institute. For many years he was president of the Maryland Histori cal Society. Among the advocates of African colonization he was perhaps the foremost. For
the colony of Maryland in Liberia, established at Cape Palmas, he prepared a charter under which a prosperous government was maintained for many years. After the death of Henry Clay he became president of the American Colonization Society. His History of Maryland in Liberia was published in 1885. Some of his writings relating to local history have a permanent value, as, his Life of Charles Carroll, Personal Re collections of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and History of Mason and Dia-on's Line.— His son, FERDINAND CLAIBORNE (1833-1, waS born in Baltimore, was admitted to the bar in 1860, was chosen seven times Mayor of Balti more. and was repeatedly sent to the Maryland Legislature, serving twice as Speaker of the House of Delegates. He was always, whether in office or out of office, a prominent factor in the political affairs of his native city and State.