LAWRENCE, Sir Writ.r.tm (17S3-1S67). A distinguished English .surgeon, horn at Cirences ter in Gloucestershire. Ile was apprenticed in London in 1800 to Air. Abernethy. by whom he was appointed demonstrator of anatomy at Saint Bartholomew's Ifospital in 1S03. He was made surgeon to the hospital. and was chosen fellow of the Royal Society in 1S13. In 1515 he became one of the professors of anatomy•to the Royal College of Surgeons: and in 1S2S•29 succeeded his teacher, .Abernethy, as lecturer on surgery at Saint Bartholomew's. Taking from this period onward an active share in questions of reform. Lawrence made innumerable enemies. though his reputation as a surgeon and the importance of his position as a medical practitioner, together with his fame as a valuable contributor to medical lit erature, continued to bring him into recognition and power. As sergeant-surgeon to the Queen of England, he succeeded Sir Ilenjamin Ifrodie, receiving at the same time :a baronetcy. Law
rence died of paralysis at Whitehall. Ills writ ings are very numerous: the following are the most important: .1 tfrseription of the A ricrics of the 1:11711 n Body, Reduced into the form of R, translated from the Latin of Adolphus 3Iurray, professor of anatomy at Upsala; The Treatment of Hernias; An Introduction to Coin ?Kira t ire .1m:tinny rued 11.SiOlOg y 1101119 the Introductory Lecture delirfred at the Royal Col lege of Snrgeon.s in Is19 (181:1); .1 Treatise on the lenereal Diseases of the Eye (1830) ; A Treatise on. the Diseases of the Eye (1843); A Treatise on Ruptures (1810; 5th ed. 183s); The Ilunterian Oration Dclir(Ted at the Royal College of Surgeons, (1834); Lectures on Comparnti•e Anatomy, Physiology. Zoology, and History of Nan (1S48).