MACAQUE, in5-k5k' ( Fr. macaque, from maeaco, macaquo, the native name). An Asiatic monkey of the genus Maeacus, of the family Cereopithecithe (q.v.). These monkeys are of moderate size, the males always decidedly larger than the females and with stronger canine teeth; they have cheek pouches and large ischial •al losities; and the tail is usually short. of the monkeys seen in menageries are macaques. When young they are docile and active, but as they grow old they become morose and exhibit some of the ferocity of their cousins the baboons. They are naturally forest-dwelling animals, and go about in troops which comprise individuals of both sexes and of all ages. These troops do not mix with other monkeys, and the voices and ges tures of all the macaques differ markedly from those of the langurs and other Oriental monkeys. Their diet is varied, and includes, besides the ordinary insects, fruits. and succulent leaves, lizards, frogs, and crustaceans. One of the most widely known, called by the Malays `kra' (Maca elms rynomologas), feeds mainly on crabs caught along the seashore. :More familiar is the bonnet
monkey (Macacus Sinicus), which takes its name from a quaint crest of upright hair on the crown, and is numerous all over Southern India, where it makes itself a nuisance by pillaging the pro vision shops. A closely related species, the •rilawa' (Macacus pilcaius), is a favorite pet and trick monkey in Ceylon. Various other species are scattered through the Orient, of which the lion tailed and rhesus monkeys are elsewhere de scribed; the 'pig-tailed' (Macacus lconinus) is notable for its size and short pig-like tail; and the Japanese species (.11acucus fuscatus), whose tail is thickly haired, is the monkey so con stantly represented in Japanese art. The most interesting of all the macaques, however, is the single species making its home west of India—the `magot' or Barbary ape (Macacus inaus).