MACHAULT, mit'shiV, or MACHAUT, GUILLAUME DE. A French poet and musician.
See GUILLAUME DE SIACIIAULT.
McHENRY, iniik-hC-n'ri, JAMES ( 1753-1816 ) . An American military surgeon and politician, born at Ballymena, County Antrim, Ireland. He studied for a time at Dublin, but about 1771 re moved to America and soon afterwards began the study of medicine under Dr. Rush (q.v.) in Philadelphia. He joined the Continental forces at the outbreak of the Revolution and was ap pointed surgeon of the Fifth Pennsylvania Bat talion in 1776; was taken prisoner at Fort Washington in November of the same year, but was released on parole in January, 1777, and was exchanged in March, 1778. He became assist ant secretary to Washington the following May and in October, 1780, was transferred to the staff of General Lafayette with the rank of major. In 1781.he was elected to the Maryland Senate, of which he continued a member until 1786, al though he was, during the last three years, also a delegate to the Confederation Congress. In 1787 be was elected to the Constitutional Con vention, in 1789 to the General Assembly, and from 1791 till 1796 was in the Maryland Senate. In the latter year lie accepted the appointment of Secretary of War in Washington's Cabinet, a position which he continued to hold in Adams's Cabinet until 1800. He was a strong Federalist
and favored a vigorous policy in strengthening the army and navy. He notified Washington of his appointment as commander-in-chief in 1798 at the time of the trouble with France, and was one of the most active members of the Cabinet in advocating Hamilton's appointment to the place of second in command. His partisanship in favor of Hamilton finally led President Adams to request his resignation. He then retired to Maryland, where he lived during the remainder of his life. Fort McHenry (q.v.) was named in his honor.
MeHENRY, James (1785-1845). An Ameri can physician and author, burn at Larne. County Antrim, Ireland. He studied at Dublin and Glas gow. and then practiced for a time in Ireland, but in 1817 emigrated to the United States. In 1842 he was appointed United States consul at Londonderry, a post he held until his death. His writings include: O'Halloran, or the Insurgent (1824) ; The Wilderness, or Braddock's Times, a Tale of the West (2 vols., 1823); The Betrothed of Wyoming (2d ed. 1830) ; Jackson's Wreath (1829); and The Usurper, an Historical Tragedy, which was played at the old Chestnut Street Theatre in Philadelphia in 1829.