MANGE (OF. mangeue, mangue, manjue, nicnjue, itch, voracity, food. from Lat. mandu rare, to chew, devour). A disease of horses, dogs, and cattle, similar to scab in sheep, and itch or acariasis in the human subject, resulting from the attacks of minute mites, which burrow in the skin, especially if it be dirty and scurfy, cause much irritation, beat, and itching, and tile eruption of minute pimples. with dryness, scurfiness, bald ness, and bleaching of the skin. The treatment consists in destroying the mites and insuring the cleanliness and health of the skin, both of which objects are effected by washing the parts thor oughly every second day with soft soap and water, and dressing daily with sulphur or mild mercurial ointments, or with a solution contain ing four grains either of corrosive sublimate or arsenic to the ounce of water. Castor-oil seeds, bruised and steeped for twelve hours in butter milk, are very suceessfully used by the native Indian farriers. Where the heat and itching are
great, as is often the case in dogs. a few drops of tincture of belladonna may he added to the usual dressing, or applied with a little glycerin.
Where the general health is indifferent, as in chronic eases, the patient should be liberally fed, kept clean and comfortable, have an occasional alterative dose of any simple saline medicine, such as nitre Or common salt, and a course of such tonics. as iron or arsenic. Cleanliness and occasional washing and brushing maintain the skin in a healthy state. and thus prevent its becoming a suitable place for the mites. The most suitable and convenient method for treat ing the so-called psoroptie scabies or mange of cattle is to build large dipping vats and plunge the affected cattle into a clip containing lime and sulphur.