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Meliaceie

tree, sonic and bitter

ME'LIA'CEIE (Neo-Lat. nom. pl., from milk', from Gk. SCim, ash-tree: so called because the leaves resemble those of the ash). A natural order of mostly tropical dicotyledonous trees and shrubs. containing about 40 genera and 6110 species, nati VI, of warm climates. Many of the species possess bitter. astringent, and tonic properties; some are used in medicine: the seeds of some yield useful oil; sonic are poisonous; sonic yield pleasant, fruits; and the wood of sonic is valuable. (See ('ARAPA.) The cape ash (Ekcbcryia Capnsis) deserves notice among the timber trees of this order. It has a trunk two feet in diameter, and yields excellent tough tim ber, useful for ninny purposes. Melia J:edarach, a tree about forty feet high. with large bipinnate leave's and large spikes of fragrant flowers, a native of Syria and other parts of the Fast. has long been planted as an ornamental tree in the south of Europe, and is now eommon in Cali fornia and the Southern United States. The fruit

is of the size of a cherry, somewhat elongated, pale yellow, containing a brown nut. The nuts are bored and strung for beads in Roman Cath olic cciuntries, ii hen cc' the tree is often ealled head tree. It is a:so known as the pride of 'India. and is sometimes erroneously culled Per sian lilac. The fruit is sweetish. and not poison ous, although generally reputed so. The bark of the root, which is bitter and nauseous, is used us an anthehnintie. The pulp of the fruit of the mem tree or margosa tree (Melia -lzadi raelt la) yields a bitter fixed oil. The mahogany and Spanish cedar are both members of this or der. The chief genera are Cedrela. SWVitenia , Carapa. and Melia.

MEL'IBcE'A (Lat.. from Gk. lIcli boia). daughter of 1tceanus. and mother, by Pelasgus. of Lyeaon. (2) One of the daugh ters of Niolie.