ORGUINETTE, un'gi'Wn7•t' (pseudo-French spelling of "organelle, diminutive of organ). A mechanical musical instrument, with sets of reeds. and an exhaust bellows, ope•atoil by a crank. A perforated strip of paper passes over the ends of the reeds, and the air (forced by the bellows through the perforations and into the reeds) produces certain musical tones. This in strument. in its present form. was developed from the inventions of Seytre. of France (1842), who is acknowledged to be the pioneer in the preparation of music on slotted paper, and Alex ander Bain, of Scotland (1847). who obtained a patent for his own application of a sheet of slotted paper, o• any flexible material, which acted as a moving valve. In 1848 Charles Daw son, of England. further experimented upon a music sheet similar to those of Seytre and Bain, but with a different arrangement of the air chest and pipes. A further improvement was
made by Pape. of France, in 1831. and also by Fourneaux (18631. In 1867 George Vanduzen .used a slotted belt, but it was not until 1877, after the Centennial Exhibition, which seems to have given it an impetus, that Mason J. ows adjusted all diffieulties: and E. P. Needham, who had also patented an instrument of this kind, and Newman R. Marsh commenced to manu facture orguinettes.
The daughter of Lisuarte of England. beloved by Amadis of Gaul. and cele brated for her beauty and constancy. Queen Elizabeth is so called in the madrigals entitled The Triumphs of Oriana. collected by Thomas Morley (160). and the name was given by Ben ,Ionson to Queen Anne, wife of dames T. (2) The heri)ine of Vletcher's Will-Goose Chase, Far quliar's The inconstant, and Tennyson's ballad Urbana.