ORLEY, cleft, BERNAERT. or BAREND VAN (e.1492-1542). A Flemish painter, born at Brus sels, hence also called liarend van Brussel. Prob ably a pupil of his father, Valentyn van Orley (1466-c.1530). lie went to Ilmne after 1509 and became a successful imitator of Raphael, in whose school he studied. Ile was Court painter smcessively to Charles V.. to Margaret of Aus tria, Regent of the Netherlands, and to her suc cessor, „Mary of llungary. Van Orley stands next to Alabuse among the leaders of the ten dency to 'Italhinize' Flemish art. His coloring is sadly degenerate from the old Flemish masters, cool in general effect, yet gaudy, and althonyh his early works slung wand composition and de Nated sentiment, he afterwards lapsed into the mannered style of the later followers of Raphael. Flemish thought and practice are most observable in his "Pietil.." in the Brussels Museum, which also contains the `Trials of Job" (1521). a
"Iloly Family." and two portraits. His most eon sideralde work is probably the shrine with "The Trinity ‘Vorshiped by Saints," in Saint Mary's at Lllbeck. Noteworthy. furthermore, are a "Holy Family," in Dresden; "Marriage of the Virgin." in the Louvre; "The Magdalen Read ing," in the National Gallery. London; and "Re pose in Egypt," ill the Royal Institution at Liverpool. The large "Last Judgment," in the Church of Saint James, at Antwerp, is most in dicative of his adopted Dalian manner. Of his designs for tapestries, the hest known are "The Life of Abraham." in Hampton Court, and "Alaxi Indian's Hunt." in the Louvre. The windows with the portraits of Francis 1., Charles V., and Mary of Hungary, in the Cathedral at Brussels, were also done from his cartoons. For his biog raphy, consult Mutters (Paris, 1804).