OUTRAN, iTiVtram, Sir .TAMES (1803-f31. A British-Indian soldier and statesman. He was born at Butterley Hall. Derbyshire, and wa, educated at lTdny, Aberdeenshire, and afterwards at Jlarisc•hal College. Aberdeen. lie received his commission, and was sent to India as a cadet in 1819. Ile gained distinetion in his conduct of the campaign of the wild Bhils of Khandesh against the Thing tribes; the restoration of order in the Malli Manta; the Afghan campaign of 1839. during which 1w acted as aide-de-camp to Lord Keane, and in which he performed his fa mous perilous ride from Khelat, through the Bolan Pass. lie was political agent at Gujarat, and afterwards commissioner in Sindh, and upon the annexation of Gudh was made resident and commissioner, by Lord Dalhousie. Owing to ill health, he returned to England in 1856, but with the outbreak of the Persian War be was sent with the British forces to the Persian Gulf, with diplomatic powers as a commissioner—after which he returned to India. At the commence ment of the I ml in n Mutiny in 1857 he was com missioned to take charge of the forces marching to the relief of Lucknow, but refused to take precedenee of his friend Ilaveloek, and took up only his civil appointment as chief eommissioner of Ondh, serving tinder havelock as a volunteer.
After the relief of Lucknow he led a skillful movement up the left bank of the river Cluniti, which led to a final and complete victory over the insurgents. lie was next made chief com missioner of Ondb, in 1858 was made lieutenant general, and in 1860 received the thanks of Par liament. He took his seat as a member of the Supreme Council of India in Calcutta, but was compelled by ill health to return in 1860 to Eng land. India founded an institution in his honor and presented him with valuable gifts, besides etwting a statue of him at Cakutta. Ile died at Pau, France, March 11. 1863. He is known as the 'Bayard of India,' aml was conspienous for his fair play and generous championship of the natives of India.