PAY AND ALLOWANCES. A military term used to denote the rate of pay and allow ances granted to officers and enlisted men of the military and naval services of the United States. ALLOWANCES to officers and enlisted men are made on a basis of requirement and rank; and may be either in kind, or in lieu of the amount to which such officer or soldier by regulation is entitled. The money allowance of clothing is allotted half-yearly for the first year, estimates for clothing being made quarterly as follows: On January 1st. for a supply to last until June 30th; on April 1st, until September 30th; on July 1st, until December 31st: ou October 1st, until March 31st. Commanding officers settle the clothing accounts of their men six months after enlistment and afterwards on June 30th and December 31st of each year. (For allow ances of forage, see Frinm:E.) Soldiers receiving allowance or cmnmutation in lieu of food (ra tion) are paid according to a scale, which varies in amount from 2.3 cents per diem, al lowed enlisted men on conclusion of furlough; 40 cents per diem to sergeants of post non commissioned staff, on duty at stations where there are no other troops: 75 milts per diem to a soldier on detached duty, to 81.50 per diem to a soldier traveling under orders from a station, when his rations have been regularly commuted —which is the maximum allowance in lieu of rations for enlisted men. The allowance of bag gage permitted officers and men will be found under BAGGAGE.
Whenever there are sufficient quarters in a barracks or station, permanent quarters are as signed to the field and staff officers of the garri son. Regimental officers are provided with quar ters according to convenience of location and the rank of the recipient. 13achelor quarters are as signed to officers without families. On the ar rival of a connuand at a new station the original assignment of quarters is made by a hoard of officers consisting of the commanding officer, the two senior lint' ollieers present. the senior sur geon, nail the quartermaster. Allowances in lieu of quarters arc according to rank and circum stances.
from, or between Cuba, Hawaii, and the Philip pines by the shortest regularly traveled routes.
Retired officers detailed for duty at colleges are entitled to full pay, but not commutation of quarters. The maximum pay of a colonel is
established by law at $4500 per annum, and that of a lieutenant-eolonel at $4000. An aide de-camp to a majo•-general is allowed $200 per year in addition to the pay of his rank; an aide de-camp to a brigadier-general is allowed $150 per year additional; and an acting commissary For allowances of food and ration, see RA TION. The use of public horses by officers re ceiving mounted pay is regulated by department commanders. according to local exigencies. A captain or lieutenant of artillery is allowed the use of a battery horse if serving with a light or mounted battery. The slim of $100 is allowed for the transport of each horse entitled to forage, and an attendant to accompany them. if such sum does not cover the actual cost, the excess must be prepaid by the owner, who is also re quired to pay all the expenses of the attendant other than his transportation. Commutation of quarters of commissioned officers is at the rate of $12 per month per room. When travel ing an officer is allowed mileage at certain fixed rates, and actual expenses only for sea travel to, of subsistence $100 per year additional. As sistant surgeons are entitled to pay of captain after five years' service; and an acting judge advocate, detailed by the Secretary of War, to the pay and allowances of a captain of cavalry. Retired officers receive 75 per cent. of pay (sal ary and increase) of their rank, a retired chap lain receiving 75 per cent. of the pay (salary and increase) of his rank (captain, not mounted).
After five years' service the soldier's pay is increased by two dollars per month, and after ten years an additional dollar per month is granted for every five years of his service up to thirty years.
In t-he British army, where the rates of pay are lower than in the United States, service in India is made more attractive by the numerous opportunities it offers for extra pay, origi nally eommonly described as "Batta." Allow ances, also, are paid at a higher rate than at home.
Half Pay is praetieally any form of reduced pay, and the term is still frequently used to de scribe the rate of pay of a retired or disabled officer.