PENCZ, pints, IEORG c.1500-50). A German painter and engraver. He was born at Nurem berg and was probably a pupil of Ditrer. or. at least, stood inimiiediuitelv under his influence. He was received into the Painters' Guild in 1523: but in the year following. together with Sebald and Barthel Behan), he was tried for infidelity and banished from the city. In 1525 he was al lowed to settle in the neighborhood, and about 1532 he returned to Nut-ember... where he was frequently employed by the city council. In Rome, which he visited 1530. and again in 1539. be diligently studied Raphael and other great masters. especially the Venetians, and per feeted himself in the art of engraving under Mare ..Antonio. Of the few existing specimens of his historical. allegorical, and mythological paintings, his "Saint Jerome" (1544; in the Ger manic 5tn.sertm, Nuremberg) is the most renmrk able. His fame as a painter rests chiefly on his masterly portraits, which for animated concep tion, excellent modeling. and warm. transparent
coloring rank among the finest of the Nuremberg. school. Especially characteristic are a "Young Sinn" (15341. "The Painter Erhard Sehwetzer" (15441, and his "Wife" (1545). all in the Berlin Museum: a Man" (15431. in the Vienna Museum: and "Fieldmarshal Sehirmer" (1.1451. in the Germanic _Nuremberg. All others in the carious galleries of Europe are surpassed by the ex quisite portrait of a "Scholar" in the Karlsruhe Gallery. Penez is most prominent as an engrav er, ranking next to the Behams among the 'Lit tle Masters.' in some of his plates he equals his master. Marc Antonio. Beside- hi, largest plate. "The Taking of Carthage" 115391, atter Giulio Romano, may be mentioned the "'six Triunipl , of Tetrarch," "Lite of I hrist" "Paris." and the l and tl e portrait of .Tobn Frederick. El/ etor of Saxony. ('onsult : Scott, The Litt le .11 a., re 1, (London. sso ; and 1: u rzwel ly. wet Ge?,ry Pener: 18951.