TUP'PER, Sir CIIARLES (1321—). A Cana dian statesman. He was born at Amherst, Nova Scotia, where lie was educated, and he studied medicine in Edinburgh. He settled in his native place as a medical practitioner: in 1862 was ap pointed Governor of Dalhousie College, Halifax, and was president of the Canadian Medical As sociation from 1S67 to 1870. In 1835 he had been elected member of the Nova Scotia Pro vincial Assembly, and for two terms was secre tary, and from 1804 to 1S67 Premier. He took a prominent part in Canadian federation, and in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway. After the union he was President of the Council from 1870 to 1872; Minister of Inland Revenue, 1872; Minister of Customs, 1873; Minister of Public Works, 1878: and Minister of Railways and Canals, 1879. In the latter year lie was made a Knight Commander of Saint Michael and Saint George, having been a C. B. since 1S67.
After representing his native county tirst in the provincial and then in the Dominion Parlia ment for twenty-eight consecutive years, he re signed in 1384 on proceeding to London as High Commissioner for Canada, an appointment he again received in 1888. Be was one of the British plenipotentiaries on the Fisheries Com mission at Washington, 1887-88, which effected an agreement concerning the Canadian fisheries dispute, and in 1883 he received the honor of a baronetcy. In 1S96 he succeeded Sir Mackenzie Dowell as Premier, but resigned six months later, after the Conservative defeat over the question of religious education. At the general election in 1900 he was rejected by Cape Breton, the scene of his continuous electoral triumphs during forty years, and retired to private life.