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New International Encyclopedia, Volume 20

Tiie Conqueror William I
William I., Tiie Conqueror (c.10•27-s7). King Of England From 1066 To 10s7. Ile Was An Illegitimate Son Of Robert H., Duke Of Nor Mandy, By Herleva, Or Arlette, A Tanner's Daugh Ter, And In Early Life Was Known As William The Bastard. When Duke Robert Set Out On His Pilgrimage ...

Tiie Geographical Distribution Of
Tiie Geographical Distribution Of' Vol Canoes. With Hardly An Exception All Volcanoes Are Situated In What Can Reasonably He Assumed To Be Areas Of Weakness In The Earth's Crust, Such Areas Being The Ocean Basins Theniselvcs, The Borderland: Of These Basins, N11 The Mountain Ranges Which Flank Or Construct The ...

Tiie Wandering Jew
Wandering Jew, Tiie. A Legendary Jew Doomed To Wander Over The Earth Until The Day Of Judgment. According To The Usual Ver Sion Of The Story, Which Is Probably Ultimately Oriental In Origin. Christ, While On His Way To Calvary, Stopped To Rest Fur An Instant Before The Dour Of ...

Tile Ciiromic Acid Cell
Tile Ciiromic Acid Cell Usually Consists Of A Plate Of Zinc Between Two Of Carbon Clipping Into A Vessel Containing Dilute Sulphuric Acid, To Which Is Added Either Chromic Acid Or The Bichromate Of Potassium Or Sodium. The Sodium Salt Is Much To Be Preferred To The Potassium Salt. When ...

Tile Parts Of A
Tile Parts Of A Volcano. It Is Customary To Recognize As The Fundamental Parts Of A Volcano: The Basal Portion Or Mountain Proper; A More Steeply Rising And Conical Portion, Or 'cone ;' And The Pit Or Basin-shaped Depression Found On The Summit Of Most Active Volcanoes And Known As ...

Tine
Tine.) Sanitary Scientists Predict Confidently That The World Will Soon Be Rid Of This Scourge. Preventive Inoculations Of Specially Prepared Seninis Have Been Tried• But Not Found Generally Effective. Serums Also Have Been Used For Treat Ment, Bat With Indefinite Results. Yellow Fever Is A St•lf-limited Disease, But Is Likely ...

Tioratio Governeur 1820 99 Wright
Wright, Tioratio Governeur (1820-99). An American Soldier. Born At Clinton, Conn. He Graduated At West Point In 1841, Entered The Corps Of Engineers, For About Six Years Was En Gaged In Important Engineering Work For The Government. And In 1855 Was Promoted To Be Captain. In April, 1861, He Went ...

Topogra Phy
Topogra Phy. The Area May Be Divided Into Three Fairly Definite Regions: (1) The Ral And Mountainous District Of The North And Northwest: (2) The District Between This Region And The Orinoco; And (3) The Guiana Highlands Of The Southeast. The Mountains Of The First Re Gion May He Classed ...

Topography
Topography. Washington Closely Resembles Oregon In Its Main Topographical Features, And, As In Oregon, The Cascade Mountains Divide The State Into A Smaller Western And A Larger Eastern Section, Which Are Strongly Contrasting In Their Climatic And Other Characteristics. The Cascade Mountains Form A Lofty Plateau Falling Steeply On Both ...

Topography_2
Topography. The Surface Of West Virginia Is, As A Whole. Uneven. And In The East Mountainous. The Main Range Of The Alleghanies Crosses The Northeastern Section, And Farther South Forms The State Boundary Toward Virginia. The Greater Part Of The Mountain Region, Occupying More Than One-third Of The State, Belongs ...

Treaty Of Washington
Washington, Treaty Of. A Treaty Con Cluded In 1871 Between The United States And Great Britain For Settling Various Differences Between The Two Governments, But Chiefly Those With Regard To The Alabama Claims (q.v.). In The Beginning Of 1871 The British Government Sent Sir John Rose To The United States ...

Trociiaic Tzdytiims
Trociiaic Tzdytiims. Trochaic Verses Are Usual Ly Measured By Dipodies ,,). In The Place Of The Second Trochee. Rarely Of The First, A Spondee Pronounced In The Time Of A Trochee (hence Called An Irrational Spondee, —>) May He Admitted. The Apparent Anapaest And The Cyclic Dactyl Are Sometimes Used; ...

Tzambi Elias 1720 971 Wilna
Wilna, Tzambi Elias (1720-971. A Name Applied To Elijah Or Elias Ben Solomon, One Of The Greatest Of Hebrew Seholors, Born At \vilna (vilna), In Lithuania: Also Known As Elijah Gaon And The Gaon Of \vilna. As A Ehild He Lli-tplayed Remarkable Gifts Of Memory And Reasoning Powers, And, Beginning ...

University Of Virginia
Virginia, University Of. An Undenomi National Institution Of Higher Learning At Char Lottesville, Va., Four Miles From Monticello, The Home Of Thomas Jefferson, Its Founder. It Was Chartered In 1819 And Opened In 1825. The Group Of College Buildings, Planned By Jefferson And Ereeted Under His Persona] Supervision, Together With ...

University Of Wisconsin
Wisconsin, University Of. The Highest Institution Of Learning In The Educational System Of Wisconsin, Situated At Madison. It Was Founded In 1838. Organized In 1848, And Opened For Instruction In 1851. In 18115 The Attendance Was Only 304, Of Which Number All But 51 Were Preparatory Students. In 1s80 The ...

Uses Of Wire
Uses Of Wire. The Msc's Of Various Kinds Of Wire Are Practically Innumerable, And Involve Numerous Kinds Of Wire Manufactured From Va Rious Materials. The Metals Used Are Silver, Platinum, Copper, Bronze, Brass, Iron, And Steel, And From Them Are Drawn Wires Varying In Size From Inch To Inch, And ...

V1116 Witte
Witte, V11'16, Sergei Yclievitcii (1s40—). A Pdissian Statesman. He Was Born At Tiflis, Where His Father, Of German Extraction, Was An Official. His Mother Was A Daughter Of Fadeyeff, Governor Of..'ilrator. Who Married Into One Of The Oldest Russian Noble Families. Witte Was Edu Cated At The New Russian University, ...

V2daitiga
V2daitiga, (skt., Member Of The Veda). The Name Of Six Sanskrit Works, The Object Of Which Is To Teach How To Read And Understand Correctly Vedic Texts, And How To Apply Them Correctly To Sacrificial Purposes. The First Four Of The Six Vedangas Are Philological In Character And The Other ...

Van Beneden
Van Beneden, Viin Ba'ne-don, Pierre Joseph. A Belgian Zoologist. See Beneden. Vanbrugh, Viinrbroo, Sir John ( G64 1726 I. An Eminent English Architect And Dramatist. Ile Was Born In London, The Grand Son Of A Protestant Refugee From Flanders, Said To Have Settled In England In The Time Of Queen ...

Van Dyck
Van Dyck, Dik (vandyke), Sir An Thony (anthonis) (1599-1g11). The Most Im Portant Portrait Painter, Next To Ruben., Of The Flemish School ; Also A Figure-painter And An Etcher. He Was Born At Antwerp, March 22, 1599, The Son Of Francis Van Dyck, A Wealthy Silk Mercer, And Of Marie ...

Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island. An Island On The Pacific Coast Of North America. Belonging To British Columbia, From The Mainland Of Which It Is Separated On The North By Queen Charlotte Sound And On The East By—tohnston And Georgia Straits. It Is Separated From The State Of Wash Ington By Georgia And ...

Vandals
Vandals (lat. Banduli, Vinda Probably Connected With Cloth. Wandjan, 0iig. Went Ml, Ger. Wenden, As. Iren Clan Eng. Wrnd, To Turn, Go). An Ancient Germanic People. Pro Copius States That They Originally Occupied The Country About The Pains (sea Of Azov), But It Would Appear That Afterwards They Mi Grated ...

Vane
Vane, Sir Henry (harry) (1613 62). An English Statesman. Lie Was The Son Of Sir Henry Vane, A Statesman Of The Reign Of Charles I. Ile Studied At Magdalen Ibcll, Oxford, But Never Matriculated, Bevause Lie Refused To Take The Oath Of Allegiance And Supremacy. At An Early Age He ...

Vanilla
Vanilla (neo-lat.. From Sp. A•alwi1fo, Ray Nilln Vanilla-bean, Little Pod, Diminutive Of 1.0110, Pod. From Lat. Vagina, Sheath). A Genus Of Epiphytic Orchids, Natives Of Tropical America And Of Asia. The Seedlings Germinate In The Ground, And Climb With Twining Stems To A Height Of 20 To 30 Feet On ...

Variation
Variation ( Lat. Rariatio, From Rariare, To Change, Vary). Structural Or Functional De Viations From The Parent Form Or Type. Varia Tions, Which Are Apparent To All, Are Attracting The Careful Attention Of Working Naturalists, Whose Tendencies Are To Cease Theorizing And To Bend All Their Energies Toward The Discovery ...

Variation In Properties
Variation In Properties. The Wool From Dif Ferent Parts Ot The Same Animal Differs Greatly In Length Of Fibre, Fineness, And Structure, As A Rule, The Best Is Obtained From The Shoulders And Sides. That From The Fore Part Is Irregular And Likely To Be Filled With Burrs, While This ...

Varicose Vein
Varicose Vein (lat. Daricosus, Full Of Dilated Veins, From Saris, Dilated Vein), Or Varix. A Dilated And Tortuous Vein. Varices Are Of Com Mon Occurrence In The Snbmucous Veins Of The Rectum (constituting Hemorrhoids Or Piles), In The Spermatic Veins, Giving Rise To Varicocele (q.v.), And In The Veins Of ...

Varnhagen Von Ense
Varnhagen Von Ense, Fun Karl Atmust (1785-1858). A German Author. He Was Born In Dusseldorf, And After Studying Medicine At Berlin And Philosophy At Ilalle, Berlin, And Tu Bingen, And Helping (1803) To Edit Chamisso's Nusenalmanack, He Entered The Austrian Army (1809), And Was Wounded At \vagram. He Joined The ...

Varnish Tree
Varnish Tree. A Name Given To Several Trees Of The Family Anacardiacew Because The Resinous Juice Is Used For Varnishing Or For Lac Quering. The Black• Varnish Tree (.11elanorrlgra Vsitata) Is Described In The Article On .melanor Rocea, And I He Japan Tree (rh Us Rurni Cifera) In The Article ...

Varnish Of
Varnish (of., Fr. Rcrais, Varnish. P.p. Of Of. Rernin To Varnish, Probably From _ail. Vitri Nus. Glassy, From Lat. Ritruni. Glass). A Term Applied To Solutions Of Gums Or Resins In Such Solvents As Alcohol Or Linseed Oil, And Used To Pro Duce A Hard. Shiny, Protective Surface On Various ...

Varuna
Varuna, (from Skt. Var, To Cover, Surround, Encompass, Probably Connected With Gk. Ot,pav6s, Ouranos, Heaven, Sky). In Vedic Mythology, The Representative Of The All-encom Passing Heaven. Only A Dozen Hymns In The Rig Veda Are Addressed Exclusively To His Praise, But Thus Picture Whieh They Give Of Him Shows Him ...

Vasari
Vasari, Vil-zit'ic?, Giorgio (1511-74). An Italian Painter And Architect. Chiefly Celebrated As A Biographer Of Artists. He Was Born At Arezzo, And On The Advice Of His Kinsman, Luca Relli, He First Studied Painting Under Guglielmo Di Marsiglia. Pollastra, The Poet, Taught Him Latin, And The Ability To Recite Whole ...

Vase
Vase. A Vessel Of Circular Form Used For Practical Or Ornamental Purposes. The Matermi Is Generally Pottery, Though Stone, Glass, Metal, Etc., Are Frequently Used, Especially For Ornament. The Use Of Vases Is Common To All Peoples. Both Ancient And Modern; But It Was In Ilellenie Lands That Vase-making Attained ...

Vauban
Vauban, Via1in', Sebastien Le Prestre De (1633-1707). A French Military Engineer And Marshal, Born Near Avallon, In Burgundy. When About Seventeen He Joined The Spanish Forces Under Conde On The Frontier Of The Belgian Netherlands. )1e Studied Military Science And Engineering While Leading The Active Life Of A Soldier. Lie ...

Vaudeville
Vaudeville, Vorpvil; T'n Pron. Od'vt2p. Originally, A Popular Song With Words Relating To Some Story Of The Day; Whence It Has Come To Signify A Species Of Drama In Which Dialogue Is Interspersed With Songs Of This Description And With More Or Less Of Dancing And 'variety' Acting. The Name ...

Vaughan
Vaughan, Bennv (1622-95). An English Poet. Ile Was Born At Newton-by-itsk. South Wales, And Entered Jesus College, Oxford (1638). Ile Studied Law Mid Medicine In London, With Drawing Subsequently To His Native Place, Where He Became An Eminent Physician (1650). Ile Wrote Poetry On Various Subjects, Chiefly Devo Tional. Among ...

Vault Of
Vault (of. Volts, Route, Rout Le, Fr. Mate, Vault, From Lat. Ro/atus, P.p. Of Volrere, To Roll; With (loth. Wahrjan, As. Wcahrian, Fog. Wallow). A Term Used To Designate The Cov Ering Of A Building Constructed Of Masonry Or In Imitation Of Masonry In Curved Surfaces, As Dis Tinguished From ...

Veda
Veda, Vflfdft (skt. Mitt, Knowledge, From Rid, To Know; Connected With (11:. Folk, Foithi, I Know, Ffociv, /wein, Lat. Ridere, Slay. Five, I Know. 011g. Leizzan, Ger. Wissca, (loth., As. Witan, Eng. Wit, To Know). The Collective Designation Of The Ancient Sacred Literature Of India, O• Of Individual Books Belonging ...

Veddas
Ved'das. A People Of Southeastern Ceylon, Who Have Sometimes Been Regarded, Chiefly Upon Somatic And Osteological Grounds, As Constituting A Separate Race Of Mankind. The Veddas Are One Of The Most Primitive Of Human Types, Represent Ing, Perhaps, The Original Stock Which, Travel Ing To The North, Produced The Dravidian ...

Vega Carpio
Vega Carpio, Va'gf). Lope Felix De, Generally Called Lope De Vega (1562-1635). The Most Ingenious Dramatiq Poet Of Spain, Sur Named El Fenix De Espafia. Born In Madrid, November 25, 1562, Lie Received His Elementary Training There At The Imperial College Under The Jesuits. The Earliest Of His Extant Plays, ...

Vegetables
Vegetables (lat. .regetabilis, Enlivening, Animating, From Regetarr, To Quicken, Animate, From Rcgetus, Lively, From Regere, To Move, He Active: Connected With Ripen-, To Flourish). Since The Different Kinds Of Vegetables And Their Culture Are Treated In Separate Articles On The Individual Crops, As Beans, Beets, Cabbage, Potatoes, Peas, Etc., This ...

Vegetarianism
Vegetarianism. The Practice Or Doc Trine Of Living Upon Foods Obtained From The Vegetable World, To The Exclusion Of Animal Food. In All Ages There Have Been Idealists Who Have Advocated An Exclusively Vegetable Diet, Chiefly On Ethical Grounds—among Whom May Be Men Tioned Pythagoras, Plato, Plutarch, Rousseau, Shelley, And ...

Vein Of
Vein (of., Fr. Veine, From Lat. Vow, Blood Vessel, From Rebore, To Carry, Convey). In Anatomy, A Blood Vessel Which Conducts The Venous (or Blue) Blood From The Capillaries Back To The Heart. The Exceptions To This Description Are The Pulmonary Veins, Which Return The Red, Oxygenated Blood From The ...

Veit
Veit, Fit. Pinuer A German Historical Painter, Born In Berlin. First In Structed By Friedrich Matthiii At The Dresden Academy, He Continued His Studies In Vienna Until 1813, When He Entered The German Army, And Fought In The War Of Liberation. In 1815 He Went To Rome, Where He Identified ...

Velde
Velde, Vrede, Van De. A Celebrated Fam Ily Of Di Artist S.—es.t ( 1590-1630 ) , Burn At Amsterdam. Lived Chiefly At Haarlem, And Exercised An Important Influence Upon The Development Of The Dutch Landscape. Llis Pie Tures Were Landscapes Rich In Figures, A Favorite Subject Being Attacks And Combats ...

Velocity Of Light
Velocity Of Light. This Quantity Through The Efforts Of Many Experimenters Has Been Determined With A High Degree Of Precision And Plays An Important Part In Both Theoretical And Practical Optics And Astronomy. After Vain Attempts At Direct Measurements Made By Gali Leo, Roemer In 1075 Was Able To Calculate ...

Vendee
Vendee, Viix'div. A Western Department Of France, Forming A Part Of The Former Province Of Poitou, And Lying On The Bay Of Biscay Be Tween The Departments Of Loire-infc.rieure And Charente-infiarieure (map: France. E 5). Area, 2588 Square Miles. The Surface Is Low And Marshy Along The Coast, Becoming Hilly ...

Vendetta
Vendetta ( It., Feud, Vengeance). A Fam Ily Feud, Having For Its Object The Execution Of Blood Revenge For An Injury By The Nearest Of Kin. This Practice Lies Continued In The Island Of Cor Sica Down To Recent Times. Not Only Do The Next Of Kin Of The Dead ...

Vendome
Vendome, Loris Joseert, Duke De (1054 A French General. The Son Of Louis, Duke De Vendrune. Ile Nv S Born In Paris, July 1, Li35 4, Served During The Dutch Campaign Of 1672, And Afterward Under Tamale In Germany And Alsace, And Tinder Crniii In Flanders. After The Peace Of ...

Venesection
Venesection (front Lat. Moon, Blood Vessel Scctio, A Cutting, From Secure, To Cut ), Phlebotomy, Bloodletting, Or I 4.eeding. An Incision Into A Vein, For The Abstraction Of Blood. Although The Operation May Be Performed On Many Of The Superficial Veins, It Is Usually Re Stricted To The Median Basilic ...

Venice
Venice. A Port Of Italy, The Eapit Al Of The Province Of Venice, 164 Miles By Rail East Of Milan, Situated On 120 Small Islands In The La Goon Between The Mouths Of The L'iave And The Po (map:. Italy, 0 2). The Railway Enters Over A Eauseway Miles Long. ...

Venue Of
Venue (of. Venue, Arrival, From Lat. Venire, To Come; Confused In Meaning With Ob'. From Lat. Rieinia, Neighborhood, Vicinity). In Its Original And More Restricted Meaning, The Place Or Locality Where The Acts Or Transactions Out Of Which An Action Arises Occur; But The Term Is Neire Commonly Employed To-day ...

Venus
Venus (bat., Love, Desire: Connected With 01(0. Wini. Friend. Ipuidut, Ger. Wonne, Joy, Goth. 1(0n00. To Enjoy. Skt. 1.011, To Hold Dear, Wish, Win), Or Aphrodite. In Classical Mythology, The Goddess Of Love, In The Widest Sense. The Greek Aphrodite Very Probably Represents A Borrowed Cult. The Name Is Still ...

Venus Of Milo
Venus Of Milo. The Most Celebrated And Beautiful Of Surviving Statues Of The Greek God Dess Aphrodite, And Perhaps The Most Priceless Treasure Of The Louvre. It Is Named From The Isle Of Lidos, In The -egean Sea, Where It Was Found By Accident In 1820. Near It Was Dis ...

Venus_2
Venus. A Planet Whose Orbit Is Between Those Of The Earth And Mercury. Her Mean Dis Tance From The Sun Is 67,200.000 Miles. The Eccentricity Of Her Orbit Is Smaller Than That Of Tiny Other Planet, Being Only 0.07; And Therefore Her Greatest And Least Distance From The Sun Dif ...

Vera Cruz
Vera Cruz. The Most Important Port Of Mexico, In The State Of Vera Cruz, Situated 193 Miles (by Rail 2113) Cast Of The Capital Of The Republic. On The Bay Of Campeche (map: Mexi Co, L S). The City Extends In A Semicircle Along The Coast For Nearly A Mile, ...

Verazzano
Verazzano, Va'rft-tsivntf. See Verraz.tno. Verb (lat. Rerbum, Word; Connected With Lith. Icardas, Name, Opruss. Wirds, Word, 01r. For, Says, Goth. 011g. Wort, Ger. Wort, As., Eng. Word). In Grammar, A Word Denoting An Assertion Or .declaration. Of The Eight So Called Parts Of Speech (see Grammar), The Verb Is One ...

Verbeck
Verbeck', Gumo Fridoun 1830-98). A Duteh-american Missionary To Japan. He Was Born In Zeist, Holland, Was Educated There In The Moravian Seminary, At The Poly Technic, And After Going To New York, In 1s52, At Auburn Theological Seminary, Where He Grad Uated In 1859, Although His Early Training Had Been ...

Verdict
Verdict. The Finding Of A Jury Upon The Issues Tried Before It. The Jurors Must Deter Mine Upon The State Of Facts Which They All Consider To Have Been Established By The Evidence, And Make A Proper Application Of The Law Re Lating Thereto As Charged By The Court. Where ...

Vereshtchagin
Vereshtchagin, Viyr5sh-c11:11, Vas S Ili ( 18.13-11(04). A Russian Milita Ry Paint Or, Born At Tehereporets, Government Of Novgorod, Octo Ber 26, 1842. He Studied At The Saint Petersburg Academy, And Later Removed To L'aris, When. In 186-i He Began His Work With Gicrlime At The En& Des Beaux-arts. In ...

Vergil
Vergil, Polvoore ( 1470 ?-1555 ?) . An English Ecclesiastic And Historian, Of Italian Lie Was Born At L'rbino, Italy. Lle Studied At Bologna And Padua ; At The Latter Place Became Secretary To The Duke Of Urbino, And There Wrote /'rorerbiorrm And Lie Harem. Toribus Verum, Two Books Which ...

Verlaine
Verlaine, Vileltin', Paul (1844-96). A French Poet, Born At Metz. Little Is Known Of His Early Life. Before The Franco-prussian War Ho Had Published Pocimcs Saturniens (1865) ; Les Fetes Galantcs (1860) ; La Bonne Chanson (1870). After 1870 Verlaine, Who Had Led The Traditional Bohemian Life In Paris, Disappeared ...

Verners Law
Verner's Law. A Phonetic Law Of The Germanic Group Of Indo-flermanie Languages, Which Was Enunciated In 1875 By The Danish Phi Lologist Karl Verner Tt Was The Result Of An Investigation Begun To Explain Certain Ap Parent Irregularities In The Operation Of Grimm's Law, And Was Not Only Important In ...

Vernet
Vernet, A Celebrated Family Of French Painters. The Earliest Member To Attain Prominence, Claude Joseph ( ) , Called Joseph Vernet. A Marine And Landscape Painter, Was A Pupil Of His Father, Antoine Vernet ( 1689 1753), But Was More Influenced By Salvator Rosa During His Course Of Study In ...

Vernier
Vernier, Vi.leni-er. A Scale Invented By The French Geometrician Pierre Vernier (q.v.), By Whieh Linear Or Angular Magnitude Can Be Read With A Mneh Greater Degree Of Accuracy Than Is Possible By Mere Mechanical Division And Sub Division. The Principle Is Essentially Shown By The Following Examples: Lig. 1 Is ...

Verona
Verona, Vti -ro'na. A City Of Italy. The Capital Of The Province Of Verona, 71 Miles By Rail West Of Venice (map: Italy, F 2). The Swift Adige Traverses The City In A Zigzag. It Is Crossed By Seven Bridges. Verona Is A Fortress Of The First Class And Holds ...

Veronese
Veronese, Vii'reina'zil, Paul ( Properly Paolo Ca Mart Or Cagliari ) ( I528-88). A Painter Of The School, Who Be Came One Of The Chief Masters Of The Venetian Renaissance. Lie Was Horn At Verona, The Son Of Gahriele Caliari. A Sculptor. From Whom Lie Learned Modeling Before Taking Up ...

Verrocchio
Verrocchio. Vis-r6f1:11-6, Andrea Del (1435 88). A Celebrated Florentine Sculptor, Painter And Goldsmith. His Father, Michele Di Cione, Having Died While The Lad Was Young, Andrea Assumed The Name Of The Goldsmith Giuliano De' Verrocchio, To Whom He Was Apprenticed. From This Training He Acquired His Mastery Of The Technique ...

Versailles
Versailles, Ver'sif'y'. The Capital Of The Department Of Seine-et-oise, France, Situated About 12 Miles By Rail And By Tram South West Of Paris (3lap: France. J 3). The Flat Town, With Its Quiet Avenues, Has Little Of Inter Est Or Charm Save What Is Offered By The Famous Palace And ...

Vertebrata
Vertebrata (neo-lat. Nom. Pl. Of Lat. T•ertebratus, Jointed, Articulated. From Vertebra, Joint, Vertebra, From Rent Err, To Turn). A Sub Division Of The Phylum Chordata, Which Includes The Largest And Most Differentiated Or Highly De Veloped Of Animals. The Group Called Vertebrates, Or Back-boned Animals, May Be Defined As Fol ...

Vertigo
Vertigo (lat., A Turning Or Nvbirling Round. Giddiness, Dizziness), Dizzixess. A Eon Dition Characterized By An Inability To Maintain A Due Equilibrium. Vertigo May Be Caused By Un Usual And Powerful Visual Sensations, Such As Those Produced By Water Falling Rapidly From A Great Height, Or By Objects Moving Swiftly ...

Vespucius
Vespucius, Amenlcus (it. Incriyo Vespucci) ( 1451-1512 A Florentine Navigator. Irons Whom The Western Continents Received Their Name Of America. He Was Born Alarch 9, 1451; Entered The Offices Of The Com Mercial Establishment Of The Alediei In Florence, And Between 1483 And 1492 Occupied A Position Of Responsibility With ...

Vesta
Ves'ta (lat., Connected With Gk.'ecrria, Hes Tia, Goddess Of The Hearth And Home: Connected With Gk. Darv,asty, City, Skt. Vas, To Dwell, Goth. Skt. Vas, To Dwell, Oh% Foss, Remnant, Goth. Wisan, To Be, Eng. Ices). In Classical Mythology, The Goddess Of The Hearth-fire. In Greece Hestia Plays But. A ...

Vested Right
Vested Right. A Technical Legal Phrase Denoting A Present Fixed Interest Resting In A Definite Person Or Corporation In Or To A Property Right Or Franchise. It Is The Opposite Of A Pros Pective Or Contingent Interest Of Any Nature. For The Security Of Property Interests And The General Welfare, ...

Vestry Of
Vestry (of., Fr. Restiairc, From Lat. Res Tiariam, Wardrobe, Nen. Sg. Of Restiarius. Relating To Clothing, From Restis, Clothing; Connected With Gk. Icrohs, Esthes, Clothing. Ivv6vat, Henny Nai, Skt. Yes, To Clothe, Cloth. Wasti, Clothing, Wasjan, As. Secrian. Eng. /rear). The Repre Sentative And Administrative Body In Parishes Of The ...

Vesuvius
Vesuvius. A Volcano Situated Mar The Eastern Shore Of The Bay Of Naples, About 10 Miles From The City Of That Name. It Is A Solitary Moun Tain Rising From The Plain Of Campania, With A. Base Of About 30 Miles In Circumference, And Surmounted By Two Summits. The Higher ...

Vetch Of
Vetch (of. Ceche. Resse, Reset, Fr. Resce, From Lat. -richt, Vetch; Connected With Gk. Pociov, Bikion, Vetch. Lat. Vinc-irc, To Bind). A Name Properly Applied To The Genus Vicia, But Also Loosely Related To Other Genera Of The Natural Order Leguminosa'. There Arc Numerous Species, Mostly Climbing Annual, Biennial, And ...

Veterinary Medicine
Veterinary Medicine (lat. Ref (tina Rills, Relating To Beasts Of Burden, From Vet Rrina Reicri No At, Beast Of Burden, Old. Experienced. From Ret Us, Oh]) Ln The Earliest Historical Times Men Depended Closely On Domest Icated Animals For Food And Transportation. Much Attention Was There Fore Devoted To A ...

Veuillot
Veuillot, Loris (1813-83). A French Ultramontane Publicist And Author, Born At Bovines (loiret). Entirely Self-educated. He Began His Literary Career As A Contributor To Journals Supporting The Government. Edited From 1831 The Echo De Bourn And From 1s37 In Paris The Charte De Mo And Afterwards La. Pala. After A ...

Vevey
Vevey, Vr-va'. Tow11 Of The Canton Of Vaud, Switzerland. On The Left Bank Of The Veveyse, Near Its Influx Into Lake Oeneva, Miles East-southeast Of Lausanne (map: Switzer Land, A 2). Vevey, The Scene Of L011sseall'a Nou Velle Ikloisc, Is A Charming Tourist Resort, With A Magnificent View Of The ...

Vicenza
Vicenza, The Capital Of The Province Of Vicenza. Italy, Situated At The Con Fluence Of The Lletrone And The Navigable Baechi Glione, 41 Miles By Rail West-northwest Of Venice (31ap: Italy, F 2). The Encircling Plain. Studded With Villas And Rich In Vineyards, Is Very Beautiful. Seven Bridges Span The ...

Vico
Vico, Vi•'l:6, Giovanni Battista 1668-1744 ). An Italian Philosopher. He Was Horn At Naples, Spent The Whole Of His Life In That City, And Died There. He Studied Law, History, And Philosophy, And Obtained The Chair Of Rhetoric In The Univer Sity Of Naples. In 1734 He Was Appointed His ...

Victor
Victor. The Name Of Three Popes.—victon 1., Saint, Pope 189-198, An African By Birth. His Best Known Activity Was In Connection With The Time For The Celebration Of Easter (q.v.) ; He Was Only Prevented From Excommunicating The Quartodecimans Of Asia .minor By The Represen Tations Of Saint Tremens. Saint ...

Victor Emmanuel Ii 1820 78
Victor Emmanuel Ii. (1820-78). King Of Sardinia From 1s49 To 1861 And Of Italy From 1861 To 1878. Lie Was The Son Of Charles Albert (q.v.), King Of Sardinia, And Was Born March 14. 1820. He Was Well Educated Under His Father's Guidance, Commanded The Brigade Of Savoy In The ...

Victor Emmanuel Iii
Victor Emmanuel Iii. (1869—). King Of Italy, The Only Son Of King Humbert I. (1841 19000) And Queen Margherita Of Savoy (1851—). He Was Horn At Naples November 11, 1869, And Until He Succeeded To The Throne Hove The Title L'rince Of Naples. Ile Was Educated Under The Direction Of ...

Victoria 1819 1901
Victoria (1819-1901). Queen Of The United Kingdom Of Great Britain And Ireland, Empress Of India. She Was The Daughter Aml Only Child Of Edward, Duke Of Kent, Fourth Son Of George I I L Iler Mother, Victoria Mary Louisa, Fourth Daughter Of Francis. Duke Of Saxe Coburg-saalfeld, And Sister Of ...