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WARD, Mrs. HITMRITRY, maiden name AUGUSTA ARNOLD 0851-1. An English novel ist, granddaughter of Dr. Thomas Arnold (q.v.), the famous head master of and a niece of Matthew Arnold (q.v.), the poet and She was born at Hobart, in Tasmania. June II. 1851. Her father, becoming a Roman Catholic, returned to England wit') his family in 185G, and sub-equently held appointments in the Ro man Catholic. University at Dahlia and in the Oratory School at Birmingham, and in 1885 took up his residence at Oxford, where he remained for several years. These details of fancily history arc of interest as showing whence the novelist de rivc•iI her intense moral nature and the conse quent passion for ethical problems. She attend ed schools in the Like district and at Clifton, and began her literary career ill the atmosphere of Oxford under the inspiration of her father and the society that surrounded his home. On April 6, 1872, she married Thomas Ilumphry Ward, then a fellow and tutor of Brasenlise College. In 188(1 they left Oxford and settled in London. Sirs. Ward contributed biographical intro ductions to the first volume of her husband's well known English Poets (188(1-81), many articles to Smith's Dictionary of Christian Biography (1877-87), and wrote reviews for Macmillan's .Magazine, In 1885 she published a translation of /niers Journal, a task for which she was spiritually adapted.

Her first experiments in fiction were Hilly and 011y (1881), a child's story, and Miss Btc1hr,rtort (18811), the heroine of which bears sonic re semblance to Mary Anderson, the popular actress of the time. Mrs. Ward found her publit on the publication of Hobert Elsmcre ( 1888), undoubt edly the best problem-novel that had ever ap peared in English. It was reviewed by Gladstone

in The Nineteenth Century for May, 1888, and an enormous sale followed in England and in the United States. The aim of the novel, as suc cinctly stated by Gladstone, was "to expel the preternatural element from Christianity, to de stroy its dogmatic structure, yet to keep intact the moral and spiritual results." Subsequently Mrs. Ward took up other phases of contemporary thought in religion and politics with perhaps a firmer grasp upon her themes, but did not sur pass the brilliancy of this effort. A common criticism of her work is that the purpose of it all stands out too prominently. In this respect Ward differs greatly from George Eliot. With whom she has often been compared by her enthusiastic admirers. Mrs. Ward's characters are invariably clearly drawn, and her technique she studied carefully. Her novels after Robert Elstnere comprise The Distory of ihi•id Grier(' (1892) ; .1htecella (1 894) ; 771e Story of Bessie, I'ostrcll (1805) ; Sir Grorge Tressady (1806) ; Ilelbeek of Eumcisdmle (1898) : Meanor (1900) ; and Lady Rose's Daughter (1902). Iler mis cellaneous literary work includes contributions to English periodicals, and editions, with intro ductions, of the novels of the Bronti; sisters (Ha worth ed., 1899-191)0). In harmony with the scheme set forth in Robert Elsarere, Airs. Ward tools an active part in founding University Hall (1890). a settlement among the poor of London.

A lecture delivered at Essex Hall in 1594 was published under the title Cnitariariism and the Future.