WASHBURN. CADW A LLADER CC:11.1)EN ( IS I S 82). An American soldier, political leader, and capitalist. born at Livermore, Maine. In 1839 he removed to Iowa and later to Illinois, where he studied law. In 1842 he began practice at Mineral Point, Wis. He entered into partnership \yid' Cyrus Woodman in 1344. the firm devoting much of its attention to real estate and banking. Woodman retired in 1855 and subsequently 'Washburn made fortunate investments in timber lands and became one of the pioneers in the flour milling industry. In 1854 lie was elected to Con gress by the anti-slavery element, and was twice reelected, serving until ISO]. There he joined his brothers, Israel Washburn and EliIm B. Wash hurne (q.v.). Soon after the outbreak of the Civil War lie raised the Second Regiment of Wisconsin Cavalry and was mustered into the Federal service in February, 1862. He served under General Curtis in Arkansas from :March to July of that year and was then promoted to be brigadier-general of volunteers. In November. 1862, he was pro
moted to be major-general and was given a di vision in the Army of the Tennessee. During the following spring (1363) lie commanded a cavalry division of the Thirteenth Corps, but at Haines's Bluff, Miss.. he had two divisions of the Sixteenth Corps. lle was soon transferred hack to the Thirteenth, however, and remained with it until 1864, when he was given command of the District of West Tennessee, which, with the ex ception of some months when he commanded the District of Vicksburg, he continued to administer until lie resigned from the service on May 25, 1865. He was again a member of Congress from 1867 to 1371, and in 1872-74 was Governor of Wi,eonsin. He gave largely to education, built an observatory at the University of Wisconsin, and founded an orphan asylum at Minneapolis.