BO'RO BUD'DOR (Hind.. Great Buddha). The ruin of a Buddhist temple in Java. Resi dency of Kadu, Regency of Magelang, and Dis trict of Minoreh, near the junction of the Ello and Progo. It is the most elaborate monument of the Buddhist style of architecture anywhere existing. Buddhism (q.v.) was early introduced into Java. and the building of Boro Buddor is assigned to the Seventh Century. It is a pyra mid of a square form, each side at the base measuring 600 feet. and consists of seven walls, which are built •like the steps of a stair up a hill. Between the walls are narrow terraces running round the building. The walls are richly ornamented with statuary. Outside are niches, each of which is occupied by a statue of Buddha. larger than life, seated in the usual attitude. with the legs crossed under the body. lhe number of these figures is about 400. Be tween each two of these are bas-reliefs represent ing the god in the same attitude, besidesarehitec tural ornaments and earrings of all sorts. Be
low the niches. on the lower story, is an im mense bas-relief encircling the whobs building, representing scenes from the life of and religious subjects. The inner faces of the build ing are also profusely ornamented with reliefs, seated figures, and arehiteetund orna ments. The whole is a splendid artistic epitome of 14uldhism just before its decline. The five lower concentric terraces are on a square plan, and may represent a luddhist •ihara (q.v.) or monastery. The three uppermost terraces are circular. and represent the tope (q.v.). They are surmounted each by a tier of small domes, 72 in all, each containing a statue of Buddha; while in the centre, rising high above everything else, is the large dome or pagoda (q.v.) for the relic of Buddha.