BUENOS AYRES. The capital of Argen tina (Map: Argentina, F 10). on the southern bank of La Plata River, 175 miles from its mouth, and 125 miles west of Montevideo (lati tude 34° 36' 21" S., longitude 58° 21' 33" N.). The river here is 30 miles wide, and the city is only 15 to 25 feet above sea-level, in a flat plain. Buenos Ayres enjoys a moderate temperature, which does not vary greatly (the average being 62.6° F.), and which usually ranges between 79° in January and February and 55° in July and August. Winds and rain storms are frequent. The city has an area of 72 square miles, and is regularly laid out, the streets for the most part crossing at right angles. They are lighted by gas, petroleum, and electricity, and compare favorably in ap pearance with those of large European cities. There are many beautiful thoroughfares, squares, and parks. the finest avenue being the Avenida de Mayo, 98.5 feet wide. The Plaza de la Victoria, over 1200 feet long and 640 feet wide, is sur rounded by many handsome buildings, such as the episcopal palace, the cathedral, the hall of Congress,. the exchange, the post-office. the Gov
ernment Palace, the Palace of Justice, the muni cipal building and department of police, and the Hotel Argentina. In the middle of the square stands a magnificent statue of Liberty it handsome column: and an equestrian statue of General BeIgrano is erected before the Govern ment Palace. At the northern end of the city is the Parque Tres de Febrero (3d of February), of 300 acres, containing zofflogical gardens, an aquarium, lakes for boating. etc. There are sev eral Roman Catholic and Protestant churches besides the eathedral. a magnificent edifice in the style of the Madeleine, Paris. The city has about twenty theatres, of which the most impor tant is the Teatro de la Opera. There are also a race-track, situated in the suburb of Palermo, and public places for games and athletic sports.