BUNGALOW, bin/ga-15 (Ilind. bangle. adj. of flange. Bengal ) . An Anglo-Indian term mean ing in India a species of rural villa or house of light construction. usually of unhaked bricks with a thatched roof. Bungalows which are the resi dences of Europeans are of all sizes and styles, according to the taste and wealth of the owner. Some are of two stories, but usually they consist of only a ground floor with a central hail, and are invariably surrounded with a veranda, the roof of which afford. a shelter from the sun. In the chief cities of India some of the bungalows are really palatial residences. while in the coun try they arc of more moderate pretensions. In general, they arc provided with exterior offices, to aceommodate the large retinue of domestics common in Indian life. Besides these private bungalows, there are military bungalows on a largo scale for ac•ommodating soldiers in canton ments; likewise publi• bungalows, maintained by the Government for the aeeommodation of trav elers, and in which seem to be blended the char acters of an English roadside inn and an Eastern earavans•rai. 'These bungalows are quadrangular in shape, one story high, with high-peaked roofs, thatched or tiled, projecting so as to form por ticoes and verandas. The bungalow is divided
into 'suites' of two, three, or four rooms, pro vided with bedsteads, tables, and chairs; win dows of glass, and framed glass doors. Off each room is a bath-room, and earthen jars of cool water. Travelers are expected to carry their servants, cooking apparatus, wine, beer, bed ding. etc., with them; but the khitmutgar of the better class of bungalows supplies table ware, condiments, and even sometimes food and liquors, and he is usually skilled in cooking. The Government charges 1 rupee. or 2 shillings a day, to each traveler for the use of the bunga /ow. Natives seldom stop in these public bun galows, but frequent the squalid village 'dhur rumsala.' At every travelers' bungalow is star tinned a Government peon, who acts as watchman and is bound to assist travelers' servants in pro curing supplies of fuel and food in the nearest village. The distance between the bungalows on a trunk-road is generally about 12 or 15 miles —an day's journey. The introduction of railways is putting an end to this slow and an noying system of traveling in India. Sometimes modern summer cottages of a single story and projecting roof are called bungalows.