CAPMANY Y DE MONTPALAU, tttii'nv e I/DM '0101% ND/a In DE (1742 1813). A Spanish philologist and antiquarian, horn in Ilarcelona. lie at first entered the army and served in the •ampaign against Portugal. Afterwards lie assisted Pablo de (clavicle in his attempt to colonize the Sierra Morena, an enter prise whieh terminated disastrously, however. and Capmany went to :Madrid, where he was made see relary of the Royal Academy of History in 1790. \\ hen the French took possession of the city in 1808 he tied to Seville and assisted in the Spanish war of independence. In 1812 and 1813 be a member of the Cortes of Cadiz. llis numerous publications, Nvhieh are widely read in Spain, in clude the historical works It( morias hishirieas sobre la marina. •omcreio y metes de to antiyua ciudad de Barcelona (4 yols., 1779-92) : CcIdigo do las eostumbres maritimas de Barcelona (2 vols..
1791), a translation from the Catalan original: and Cuestiones (Titieas sobrc •arios pantos de bistoria ccondm Ira politica y r»ililar (1507), all of which contain valuable details on the mill meree, industry, and maritime laws of the Middle Ages. Ile is probably even more celebrated for his literary and philological works, the Filosofla de to elocuenria (1512, and often re-edited) : Ttatto last drico-eritieo de to elocueneia eastellana (5 vols., 1786-94), republished as Tesoro de pro sadorcs espanoles (5 vols., 1R41): and his Die- cionario france's-espano/ (1805). His works are considered models of pure Castilian, al ways strove to preserve. Consult Scmpere y Gua rinos, Ensayo de trim bibliotcea espanola (6 vols., Madrid, 1785-89).