CARNEGIE INSTITUTION. An institu tion for research founded by Andrew Carnegie. It was incorporated on January 4, 1902, for the promotion of study and research, with power (a) to acquire, hold, and convey real estate and other property necessary for its purposes and to estab lish general and special funds; (b) to conduct, endow, and assist investigation in any depart ment of science, literature, or art, and to this end to eoliperate with governments, universities, colleges, technical schools, learned societies, and individuals; (e) to appoint committees of ex perts to direct special lines of research; ((I) to publish and distribute documents; (e) to con duct lectures; (f) to hold meetings; (g) to ac quire and maintain a library; (h) and in gen eral to do and perform all things necessary to promote the objects of the institution. The sum of $10,000,000 was transferred by Andrew Car negie to a board of twenty-sevenstrustees chosen by himself. The trustees originally named were John S. Billings, New York; Grover Cleveland, New Jersey; William N. Frew, Pennsylvania; Lyman J. Gage, Illinois; Daniel C. Gilman, Maryland; John Hay, District of Columbia; Abram S. Hewitt, New York; Henry L. Biggin son. Massaehusetts; Henry Hitchcock, Missouri; Charles L. Hutchinson, Illinois; William Lind say, Kentucky; Seth Low, New York; Wayne MaeVeagh, Pennsylvania; D. O. Mills. New York; S. Weir Mitchell, Pennsylvania: William W. Morrow, California; Eliot Root, New York; John C. Spooner, Wisconsin; Andrew D. White, New York: Edward D. White, Louisiana; Charles D. Waleott, District of Columbia; Car roll D. Wright. District of Columbia; and the following ex-ollicio members: The President of the United States, the president of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, and the president of the National _Academy of Sciences. The purposes of the trust are to establish in Washiogton an institution which shall, with the cooperation of institutions now or hereafter es tablished. there or elsewhere, in the broadest
and most liberal manner encourage investigation, research. nr.(1 diseevery, show the application of knowledge to the improvement of mankind, pro vide sueli buildings, laboratories. books. and a p paratw. as may be needed, and afford instruction of an advanced character to students properly qualified to profit thereby. Among its aims are these: (1) To promote original research, pay ing great attention thereto as one of the most important of all departments; (2) to discover the exceptional man in every department of study. whenever and wherever found, inside or outside of schools, and enable him to make the work for which he seems specially designed his life work; (3) to increase facilities for higher education ; (4) to increase the efficiency of the universities and other institutions of learning throughout the eountry by utilizing and adding to their existing facilities and aiding teachers in the various institutions for experimental and other work in these institutions as far as athisit ble; (5) to enable suet: students as may find Washington the best point for their special studies to enjoy the advantages of the musumns, libraries, Inborn tories, observatory, meteoro logical, piseieultural, and forestry schools, and kindred institutions of the several departments of the Government; (i) to insure the prompt publication and distribution of the results of scientific investigation, a field considered highly important. The institution was duly organized on January 29, 1902, when the following officers were •hosen: President, Daniel C. Gilman; chair man of the board of trustees, Abram S. Hewitt; viee-ehairman, John S. Billings; secretary, Charles D. Waleott, amid an executive committee, consisting of John S. Billings, Daniel C. Gilman, Abram S. Hewitt, S. Weir Mitchell, Elihu Root, Charles D. Walcott. and Carroll D. Wright. The headquarters of the institution is in Nl'ashing ton, D, C.