CLARK UNIVERSITY. An institution of higher palueat ion, founded! in 1887. at Worcester, Mass., by Jonas Gilman Clark (q.v.). The uni versity was planned to afford opportunity for full and free research along advanced lines: to add as materially as might he to the ascertained truths of science: and to equip educators and specialists of the highest qualifications. It was especially stipulated that the hest academie standards should forever be maintained. and as the original endowment wa: insufficient to equip courses in all subjects. hut few courses were at first and those completely. These comprised post-graduate courses in the fundamental sciences of physics. chemistry, biology. psychology, and education. Only ac credited college graduates are admitted as can didates for the Ph.D. degree; and students are thrown largely upon their own resources, the in structors acting. so far as possible. as 'guides' and counselors. Not many, but the best students, men or women. are sought ; and to aid these, ten scholarships and twenty fellowships have been established, ranging in value from $100 to $000. Instruction is intrusted in sonic- degree to the fellows, and also to the docents (see DocEsT), the latter representing the highest academic uni versity appointments. The library, collected
for the specialized requirements of each depa rt ment. numbers some •0,000 volumes and 1500 pamphlets. Upon the death of Mr. ('lark in 1900. the university received a bequest of $2.500,000 fur the establishment of an under graduate department, to be conducted upon the same general plan, so far as feasible, as that of the post-graduate department. This collegiate department was organized in 1902 with Carroll Davidson Wright (q.v.), United States Commis sioner of Labor, as president. To what extent Clark University has contributed to the higher education of the comitry may be judged from the fact that within ten years from its founda tion its students and graduates published not less than 500 works. ma-m.4r, and monograph:. Three journals. furthermore. are regularly pub lished by the university: tin-se are the American -Journal of Psyehology, the Pm/agog/mil Semi miry. and the Mathematical The presi dent of the university since its it'd-elation, and to whom its development must in large measure be ascribed, is Granville Stanley liall formerly professor of psychology in Johns flop kins University. Consult Clark Lnirersily, 18S9 .99, 1.1(.0: nnial Celebration (Worce,ter, ISM)).