CARNOT, LAZAIRF: IIIIRPOLYTE (1801 88). A Prowl' politician and journalist, the son of the 'Organizer of Victory.' 110 was born at Saint Omer. _\pril 6, 1:401. lie studied for the law, but was debarred from practice for refusing to take the oath of allegiance to the Bourbons. Turning to journalism, he soon made a name for himself as a follower of Saint-Simon and his school, and became editor of Le Produe li lir, a radical journal of "the day, but after the July Revolution forsook Saint-Sinionisin to a certain extent. In 18:36 he entered the Chamber of Deputies as a representative from Paris and rim:lined until 1848, voting with the extreme Left. After the February Revolution he accept ed the post of Alinister of Publie Instruction, but held it only a few months. Elected to the Legis lative Assembly in Slay, 1850, he took his place among the P,epublietins opposed 14) the schemes of Louis Napoleon. After the eoup iFi•tat he refused to swear allegiance to Napoleon, and though several times elected to the Legislative did not take his seat until 1:46-1. in
Isf69 he was defeated in the eleetions by tfam betta and by Henri Ro•hefort, but in 1871 he was chosen deputy front Seine-et-Oise. Slade a life Senator in 1875, Carnet took a prominent part in the debates of the Upper House, and spoke for the last time in 1888, a few days after his son Sadi had been elected President of the Ifepublie. He died March 16. 1888, Ile was the antli4r of numerous magazine articles and re views, the most important being E.vposi: (le la doctrine Snint-Nimoniennr (1830); JI('moires stir •a•not, par son fi Ls (2 vols., 1801-64) ; La Wro lation franeaise (2 vols., 18(i7); /..o.:..are //o•he (187-1) : and. with inAngers, .1/c'moirrs de Bert rand Barire (-I weIr.. . For his biography consult the Proceedings of the AvadIC. inie des Sciences, :\lo•ales et Politiques (Paris, •lanuary, also Hubbard, l'ne female Ies Ca•not ( Paris, 1888).