DE FLO'RES. .1 scoundrel in the service of \ c•i ma Micro. in e‘liddleton's nip ling. Ile ions his master's daughter. and. at. her in-ligation. (le 'hyacinth \\lien Beatrice to reward him by returning his passion, lie murders her and then commit: suieide.
DEFOE', 1)%mr.t. (e.ltit;1-17:31). -111 English novelist, the author of Robinson l'rusoe. Ile was horn in London. and was the son of .lames Foe. a bntohcr. The family name wits changed to 1)•foe about 1703. Defoe, whose father was a Dissenter. was educated at a Dissenting acad emy at Newington t•reen. with a view to the ministry. About 111.-45 lie went into business, but 'WAN •innc p'1111' he toils some part in the \lonnioutli Echellion. and in ICS'S he Icing \\ army, Engaging for eign trade, he four years later became bankrupt. In appeared his Olt which was I .11f M ill 17111 with a famous satirical poen . Th. Tra( • Bona ay/ ish NMI!. in Vindication I t I\ \\ it lia m, tiff.Inftl copies, mostly pirated editions, being sod(' on the streets. in 1703 a complaint being made in the Iltnisc of regarding one of his recent publications. called 7ltu S hod( N( Ira a with 1)i.vArn rs iii he argued with masterly irony that the Dissenter. sholdd be balliSlled and their preacherS hanged, he was pilloried and imprisoned in New •ate. NVIfile in the pillory he putili,lied his spirited //gain to the Ile was released trout prison Oil August, 171)1: hull before this he li• Tin 11. rit ar 1 February 17, 171)1) . periodical which Ile continued for nine year•. It was at first a weekly, then a semi weekly, and o tri Weekly. It appCarall•e marks an epoch in the history of periodical literalitre. In 170G appeared ill, !Ana rit inn of Hit. 111.n. I Dal, one of IN foe's ma•terpicwes in realistic composi tion. The Sallie year he was sent by the \linistry
on a -were! ini-sion to to promote the Union. .\ literary outcome id this was his llis ha'a/ of tII, Person ton 1 17o0). Defoe conlitined 10 tak.. an 11-I iVe part in political and was again imprisoned for a short time in 1713. Ile flied in 1731. \\ bate\ er may be the literary value of his miscellaneous mulibering above two hundred works, his fame rests upon 110 Cobnrsuu (1.1 • 17 the 111111111:1r 'kilo,' of its time. It was translated into many and -till maintains its original itucrest. Il was itionediotelt followed I.v se‘eral other notable advent lire, ;m111441? are: II curio rs of it r ( 1720 'a plain Nina!, hill ( 17:201 11011 117221; Journill of the 1'l.aque ( 17 :Ind ',don. 1 duck I 17221. 1)efor j(osse-sed perhaps the 1110-4 remarkable narrat ive talent of all English \vriters. Fielion he made appear like fart. Ile tvas a realist. and employed all the literary devices that give probability to fiction. For tact in it--If he did not greatly eare, and was rather fond of the literary hoax. Ili, method was the very practical observation of common things about him. but l() these um observed comnicmplaces his genius communicated breath. \VItile his style is apt to lw journalistic, at its hest, it is charneterized by a nervous energy and a homely simplicity which in his peenliar work leave nothing to be desired. Yon silt: Vain artiws and arna of I London, 1g:151 : late, Discovered 11 rit ingx. fri(h (3 London, .1;4;9) the reprint of Robinson rrasoe. it.11 bibliography I nod New York, \linto, Defoe (London, 1S179) ; and \\*right, Life 1 London, 1 S1.) 4