DETROIT. The chief city of port of entry. and the comity-seal of County; on the Detroit River. 1`4 miles from Lake Erie. and seem front Lake St' It is in latitude 12' lit' N. and longitude S2' 55' \\..; 55 miles east Lansing, ..ast bv north of Chicago, and 251 we-t. h% south Of Buffalo Olap: Nliehigan. 1' 01, The altitude of Detroit is 0111 feet : ineon animal tent perature, 4S.-1° F.—January, ; July, 72*; average animal rainfall, 36.19 inches.
The river, sometimes called 'The Dardandles of the Sew World,' which is here the boundary between the United States and Canada, is half a mile wide and over thirty feet deep. It affords a splendid harbor, with a water-front of about nine miles. Fort Wayne, with its extensive works, commands the channel. Ferries connect with the Canadian side. The river contains many beautiful islands, Which, With those on Lake Saint Clair, are popular as places of sum mer residence and as resorts. Grosse Isle is the largest of these river islands, and Belle Isle has been converted into the city', finest park.
The city has au area of 29 square miles, and is finely situated on ground rising gradually from the river. It has a reputation for broad, dean. well shaded and paved streets. Of a total of about 600 miles of thoroughfare, more than one-half is paved, the principal streets being laid with brick or asphalt. Most of the streets cross at right angles, but these are intersected by sev eral broad avenues, radiating from the Grand Circus, a semicircular park of five and a half acres in the heart of the city. Woodward Ave nue extends through this, and the city into nearly equal portions. This intersection of streets and avenues has resulted in a munber of small triangular parks. some of which contain handsome fountains. Woodward Avenue, the principal business street, and at its northern end the centre of a fine residence district, is the location of many of the city's most prominent buildings. The Campus Martins. a considerable plot of ground about a half-mile from the river, is a part of Woodward Avenue. Jefferson Ave
nue, in part also an important business centre. and West Fort Street, contain costly dwellings. :Michigan, Gratiot, and Lafayette avenues have many notable buildings; the banking houses of Griswold Street compare favorably with those of Wall Street, New York City. Grand Boulevard, I50 feet wide and paved with macadam, has its head at Jefferson Avenue, and its terminits at Fort Street, on the opposite .side of the city. It Eurrnunds the heart of the city, being about twelve IllileS long, and is a magnificent thorough fare.
The street railway system of Detroit, operated over about 130 miles of track, is characterized by etlieient and rapid service. On the roads of this system a series of interesting experiments have been conducted to determine a mininmm fare and a maximum distance for one fare.
B•ir.niNcs. The Wayne County court-house is the largest and one of the most attractive of the edifices. The City Hall, facing the Cam pus Martins. is 200 feet long by nearly 100 feet wide. built of sandstone, at a cost of $600,000. On the Campus is the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, by Randolph Rogers. 53 feet high, and surmounted by a representation of 'Michi gan.' The Majestic Building, near the City Hall, is one of Detroit', finest olliee-buildings. The Chamber of Commerce. Detroit Ath letic Club house. Y. M. C. A. and liar! per and Grape hospitals are notalde. Among he finest ecclesiastical st met tires a re Saint Anne's (Roman Catholic), First Unitarian, First Presbyterian, Fort Street Presbvterian, Trinity (Protestant Episeopfill. Sacred Ileart of Mary (Boman ('atholic), Woodward Avenue Baptist, Saint John's (Protestant Episcopal). and Christ Episcopal churches. and Temple Beth El. The Museum of Art has a library, and collections on art, arclucology, science, local and general his tory, valued at $300,000. Its special features are the Stearns collection of oriental curios, one of the finest in America, and the Scripps collec tion of old masters, which includes valuable specimens of famous artists.