DUPONT DE NEMOURS, dn'paN' de ne mir', PIERRE SA M ( 1739-18171. A Fretted) statesman and writer on finance. and an ex ponent of the theories of the physioerats (q.v.). Ile was born and educated in Paris. In 1772 he was secretary of the Council of Public Instrue tion in Poland. Ile went hack to France two years afterwards to assist his friend Turgot in the administration, and AN Turgot went into re tirement in 1776. In 17s2 Vergennes intrusted him with the task of drafting the treaty recog nizing the independmiec of the United states. subsequently he was a member of the Council of State and Commissary-General of Commerce. Dur ing the II" volution he favored a constitutional monarchy. but was compelled to hide when the Republieans triumphed. Ile wa- found and im prisoned: but Robespierre'- fall saved hint. His reactionary attitude in the Council of Ancients made him exceedingly unpopular and caused him to emigrate to the United States in 1799. Ile returned to France in 1802. hut declined all political office. except that of a commissioner to arrange the transfer of Louisiana to the United States. Jefferson requested Dupont to prepare
a scheme of education. The scheme was never adopted in the United States. but some of it- features were embodied in the French code. After first downfall, Dupont became secretary to the Provisional Government. and on the restoration of the Bourbon: was made a Councilor of State. The • return of Napoleon caused him to leave France. and he spent the remainder of his life with his two sons. powder in the State of Delaware. Con sult schelle. Dupont de Yemours et lYcole pl y 1SSS). • DiEiPPEL, dnp'pcl. or DYnniii.. A village in the Prussian Province of Schleswig-Holstein, situated on the peninsula of Sundewitt. 16 miles northeast of Flensburg (Slap: Germany, C I). Engagements took place here between the Danes and Germans ift Slay and .June. 1848. On April 13. I349. the Germans stormed the Danish posi tions at this place. and in the second Schleswig Holstein War the strongly fortified lines of Diip pel were stormed by the Prussians. April IS, I S64.