FAY, AMY (1844-1. An American pianist and author. She was born at Bayou Goat, Miss., and was a pupil of Tausig and Theodor kullak in Berlin, and of Liszt in Weimar. After wards she became established in Chicago, as a teacher of and lecturer on music. Her book. Music Study in Germany (1881). is widely known.
FAY, fi, ANDRAS (1786-1 364 ). An Hunga rian author, born at Kohdny, county of Zemplen. He studied philosophy and law at the Protestant College of Sarospatak, was called to the bar, and for a time held an official position at Budapest. Ill health, however, soon led him to resign, and he henceforth devoted his life to literary pur suits and to the cause of national progress. After two volumes of poems appeared a collection of fables, Mesa (1820), which first brought him into prominence. His other writings include a tragedy, A leet BOtho•y (The Two Bathorys) (1827) : several comedies, the best of which is Regi Perizck (Ancient Coins) ; and the first at tempt at an Hungarian society novel, A Micky hax (The House of the Beltekys) (1832). Ftly was also a constant contributor to literary and scientific periodicals upon important social ques tions, and contributed largely to the accomplish ment of many important reforms, such as the establishment of a national theatre at Budapest, and the introduction of life insurance and of savings-banks into Hungary. Since his death the Budapest savings-banks have estab lished a fund in his memory. the income of which is awarded each year to the most notable literary production of the year, exclusive of belles-lettres.
Fay's collected works are contained in eight vol umes (Budapest, 1843-44) ; his novels in a more recent edition (3 vols., ib., 1883). For his biog raphy. consult Badies ( Budapest. 1890) and Erdelyi (ib., 1390).
FAY, fa, CHARLES ALEXANDRE A French general and military writer. He was born at Saint Jean Pied-de-Port, and was edu cated at the Military Academy of Saint Cyr, and at the :401001 for the general staff. Ile was engaged in the topographieal work in the Pyrenees, served in Africa. and had his horse shot under him at the battle of Laghouat (1852). During the Crimean War he was aide-de-camp to General 13osquet, and fought brilliantly at the Alma, thkerman, and in several other important battles. Upon time outbreak of the Eranco-1 erman War. in 1370. he was appoint ed lientenant-eolonel on the stall' of Marshal Bazaine, and was taken prisoner at the capit ulation of Metz. In 1874 he was charged with the organization of the bureau of the gen era] staff mid appointed brigadier-general. On February 1. 1390, he was appointed commander of the Eleventh _Nrm• Corps. and was retired in 1392. II is literary produethms include: Sou• renirs de hi ane••e de Orimee (18(37) Etude stir la guerre d'.111cinagne en 1866 (1867) ; De la lai militaire (1870); Journal d'un of/icier de du Rhin (1871); Etude do 'marches: Jena, Sedan (1899).