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Glagolitsa

kirillitsa and alphabet

GLAGOLITSA, gla-go-lAsa. One of the old Slavic alphabets, which contains characters ar ranged in the same order as in the Kirillitsa (q.v.). The shape as well as the numerical value of its letters is different from that of the Kiril litsa. The name is not derived from the fourth letter of the alphabet, glagol, but it is so called, since it is a collection of significant, tell ing signs (from ()Church Slay. glagolati, to speak). Kirillitsa is chronologically an earlier name, but there are good reasons to believe that it was the original name of what is now known as Glagolitsa. Jagie upholds the theory that Cyril invented Glagolitsa, and that his pupil, Saint Clemens, transformed it into Kirillitsa. Taylor (Archiv fur slawisehe Philologie, vol. v., Leipzig, 1881) and Jagic derived it from the cur sive Greek (not uncials) of the eighth and ninth centuries. Only the following can be set down as positive facts: Glagolitsa began to spread not later than Kirillitsa, among both the Southern and the Western Slays. Then it went out

of use completely in the South; in the West it was also superseded by the Roman alphabet in Bohemia; while in Croatia and Dalmatia it long maintained its existence with difficulty, and Pope Leo XIII. recently sanctioned the publication of ecclesiastical books in Glagolitsa characters. The Bulgarian ductus of the Glagolitsa is round, while the Croatian is more angular. The earliest Clagolitic manuscript extant belongs to the eleventh century. It is in the collection of Count Clots, published at Vienna by Copitar in 1836 and known as Glagolitsa Clozianus. On account of the difficulty of reading, the Glagolitic monu ments are usually printed transliterated in the Cyrillic alphabet.