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services, lands, tenants, extents and writ

EXTENT. A writ, issuing from the ex chequer, by which the body, goods, and lands of the debtor may all be taken at once to satisfy the judgment.

It is so called because the sheriff is to cause the lands to be appraised at their full extended value before he delivers them to the plaintiff. Fitzh. N. B. 131. The writ originally lay to enforce judg ments in case of recognizances or debts acknowl edged on statutes merchant or staple ; see stat. 13 Edw. I. de Mercatoribus; 27 Edw. III. c. 9 ; and by 33 Hen. VIII. c. 39, was extended to debts due the crown. The term is sometimes used in the various states of the United States to denote write which give the creditor possession of the debtor's lands for a limited time till the debt be paid. Rob erts v. Whiting, 16 Mass. 186.

Entent in aid is an extent issued at the suit or instance of a crown-debtor against a person indebted to himself. This writ was much abused, owing to some peculiar privi leges possessed by crown-debtors, and its use was regulated by stat. 57 Geo. III. c. 117. See 3 Bla. Com. 419.

Entent in chief is an extent issued to take a debtor's lands into the possession Of the crown.

Manorial.extent. A survey of a manor made by a jury of tenants, often of unfree men sworn to sit for the particulars of each tenancy, and containing the smallest details as to the nature of the service due.

These manorial extents "were made in the in terest of the lords, who were anxious that all due services should be done; but they imply that other and greater services are not due, that the customary tenants, even though they be unfree men, owe these services for their tenements, no less and no more.

Statements that the tenants are not hound to do services of a particular kind are not very uncom mon ;" 1 Poll. & Maitl. 343. "Many admissions against their own (the lords) interests the extent of their manors may contain ; they suffer it to be re corded that a 'day's work' ends at noon, that iu re turn for some works they must provide food, even that the work is not worth the food that has to be provided ; but they do not admit that for certain causes, and for certain causes only, may they take there tenements into their own hands. As a matter of fact it is seldom of an actual ejectment that the peasant has to complain;" id. 359. Many examples of the manorial extents have been preserved in the monastic cartularies and elsewhere. "Among the most accessible are the Boldon Book (printed at the end of the official edition of the Domesday) ;• the Black Book of Peterborough, the Domesday of St. Paul's, the Worcester Register, the Battle Cartu lary, all published by the Camden Society ; the Ramsey, Gloucester, and Malmesbury Cartuiaries or registers published in the Rolls series ; the Burton Cartulary of the Salt Society and the Yorkshire In quisitions of the Yorkshire Record Society;" id. 189.

The "extents" of manors are descriptions which give the numbers and names of the tenants, the size of their holdings, the legal kind of their tenure and the kind and amount of their service; Maitland, Material for Hist. E. L. in 2 Sel. Essays in Anglo-Amer. Leg. Hist. 87.