MONEY BILLS. Bills or projects of laws providing for raising revenue, and for mak ing grants or appropriations of the public money.
A bill for granting supplies to the crown. Such bills commence in the House of Com mons and are rarely attempted to be ma terially altered in the LOrds ; May, Parl. L. ch. 22.
The first clause of the seventh section of the constitution of the United States de clares, "All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house of representatives ; but the senate may propose or concur with amendments, as on other bills." See Story, Const. §§ 874-877; Perry County v. R. Co., 58 Ala. 546 ; Opinion of Justices, 126 Mass. 601; Cooley, Const. Lim. (4th Ed.) 160.
What bills are properly "bills for raising revenue," in the sense of the constitution, has been matter of some discussion. Tuck. Bla. Com. App. 261; Story, Const. § 880. In practice, the power has been confined to bills to levy taxes in the strict sense of the words, and has not been understood to ex tend to bills for other purposes which may incidentally create revenue; Story, Const. §
880 ; 2 Elliott, Deb. 283; Millard v. Roberts, 202 U. S. 429, 26 Sup. Ct. 674, 50 L. Ed. 1090.
And a privilege conferred by a state con stitution, to originate "money bills," has been held to be limited to such as transfer money from the people to the state, and not to include such as appropriate money from the state treasury ; Opinion of Justices, 126 Mass. 557 ; or an act imposing taxes on national bank notes; Twin Oty Bank v. Nebeker, 167 U. S. 196, 17 Sup. Ct. 766, 42 L. Ed. 134; that a revenue provision was added in the senate does not render it invalid; U. S. v. Billings, 190 Fed. 359.
See REVENUE; PARLIAMENTARY ACT.