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Senate

united and government

SENATE. The name of the less numerous of the two bodies constituting the legislative branch of the government of the United States, and of the several states, See the ar ticles upon the various states.

The Senate of the United States is composed of two senators from each state ; and each senator has ens vote. Under the 17th amendment to the federal constitution, senators are elected by popular vote.

See CONSTTTUTION OE UNITED STATES. The equal representation of states in the senate is secured to them beyond the ordinary power of amendment ; no state can be deprived thereof without its consent. Art. 6. The senate has been, from the first forma tion of the government, divided into three classes. The rotation of the classes was originally deter mined by lot, and the seats of one class were vacat ed at the end of the second year, so that one-third of the senate is chosen every second year. Coast.

art. 1, e. 3. This provision was borrowed from a similar one in some of the state constitutions, of which Virginia gave the first example.

The qualifications which the constitution requires of a senator are that he should be years of age, have been nine years a citizen of the United States, and, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. Coast. art. 1, s. 3. See CONGRESS. They do not hold their places "under the government of the United States" with in the meaning of the Revised Statutes that any one convicted under its provisions shall be incapable of bolding any office of honor, trust or profit under that government ; Burton v. U. S., 202 U. S. 344, 26 Sup. Ct. 688, 50 L. Ed. 1057, 6 Ann. Cas. 392.