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Pro podessore habetur qui dolo injurtiave desiit possidere. He is esteemed a possessor whose pos session has been disturbed by fraud or injury. Off. Ex. 166.

Pro bandi necessitas incumbit illi qui agit. The necessity of proving lies with him who sues. Inst. 2. 20. 4.

Probationes debent ease evidentes, (id eat) per spicuce et faciles intelligi. Proofs ought to be made evident, (that ts) clear and easy to be understood. Co. Litt. 283 Probatis extremis, prcesumitur media. The ex tremes being proved, the intermediate proceedings are presumed. 1 Greenl. Ey. § 20.

Processus legis eat gravis vexatio, executio legis coronet opus. The process of the law is a grievous vexation; the execution of the law crowns the work. Co. Litt. 289.

Prohibetur ne quis faciat in suo quod nocere pos sit alieno. It is prohibited to do on one's own property that which may injure another's. 9 Co. 59. Proles sequitur sortem paterngm. The offspring follows the condition of the father. 1 Sandf. (N. Y.) 583, 660.

Propinqwtor excludit prapinquum; propinquus re motum; et remotus remotiorem. He who is nearer excludes him who is near ; he who is near, him who is remote ; he who is remote, him who is more remote. Co. Litt. 10.

Propositum indeftnitum cequipollet universali. An indefinite proposition is equal to a general one. Proprietas totius navis &crime causam . sequitur. The property of the whole ship follows the owner ship of the keel. Dig. 6. 1. 61; 6 Pick. (Mass.) 220. (Provided it had not been constructed with the materials of another. Id.) 2 Kent 362.

Proprietates verborum observandw sunt. The pro prieties (i. e. proper meanings) of words are to be observed. Jenk. Cent. 136.

Prosecutio legis est gravis vexatio; executio legis coronet opus. Litigation is vexatious, but an exe cution crowns the work. Co. Litt. 289 b.

Protecttio trahit sub jectionem, sub jectio protectio nem. Protection draws to it subjection ; subjection, protection. Co. Litt. 65; Broom, Max. 78; 169 U. S. 649, 18 Sup. Ct. 456, 42 L. Ed. 890.

Proviso est providere prcesentia et future, non prceterita. A proviso is to provide for the present and the future, not the past. 2 Co. 72 ; Vaugh. 279. Prudenter agit qui prwcepto legis obtemperat. He acts prudently who obeys the commands of the law. 6 Co. 49.

Puerti, sunt de sanguine parentum, sed pater et mater non aunt de sanguine puerorum. Children are of the blood of their parents, but the father and mother are not of the blood of their children. 3 Co. 40.

Pupillus pati posse non intelligitur. A pupil is not considered able to do an act which would be prejudicial to him. Dig. 50. 17. 110. 2; 2 Kent 245. Purchaser without notice is not obliged to dis cover to his own hurt. See 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4336.

Quce ab hostibus cdpiuntur, atatian capientium Aunt. Things taken from public enemies immedi ately become the property of the captors. Inst. 2. 1. 17 ; Grotius, de jur. Bell. 1. 3, c. 6, § Quo ab initio iwutilis fait institutio, ex post facto convalescere non potest. An institution void in the beginning cannot acquire validity from after-mat ter. Dig. 50. 17. 210.

Qum ab intro non valent, ex post facto convales core non possunt. Things invalid from the begin ning cannot be made valid by subsequent act. Trayner, Max. 482.

Qum accessionum locum obtinent, extinguuntur cum principales res peremptce fuerint. When the principal is destroyed, those things which are ac cessory to it are also destroyed. Pothier, Obl. pt. 3, c. 6, art. 4 ; Dig. 33. 8. 2•; Broom, Max. 496. Qum ad unum Anem locuta aunt, non debent ad alium detorqueri. Words spoken to one end ought not to be perverted to another. 4 Rep. 14 ; 4 Co. 14. Qum cohwrent personce a persona separari neque unt. Things which belong to the person ought not to be separated from the person. Jenk. Cent. 28. Qum communi legi derogant stricte interpretan tur. Laws which derogate from the common law ought to be strictly construed. Jenk. Cent. 221. Quo contra ratiOnem juris introducta Bunt, non debent trahi in consequentiam. Things introduced contrary to the reason of the law ought not to be drawn into precedents. 12 Co. 76.

Qum dubitationis cause, tollendce inseruntur com munem legem non lcedunt. Whatever is inserted for the purpose of removing doubt does not hurt or affect the common law. Co. Litt. 205.

Qum dubitationis tollendce cause, contractibus in seruntur, jus commune non lcedunt. ' Particular clauses inserted in agreements to avoid doubts and ambiguity do not prejudice the general law. Dig. 50. 17. 81.

Qum in curia acta aunt rite agi prwsumuntur. Whatever is done in court is presumed to be rightly done. 3 Bulstr 43.

Qum in partes dividi nequeunt solids a singulis prcestantur. Things (i. e. services and rents) which cannot be divided into parts are rendered entire by each severally. 6 Co. 1. • Qum in testament° ita sunt scripta ut intelligi non possint, perinde sunt ac si scripta non essent. Things which are so written in a will that they cannot be understood, are as if they had not been written. Dig. 60. 17. 73. 3.

Qum incontinenti ve/ certo Aunt inesse videntur. Whatever things are done at once and certainly, appear part of the same transaction. Co. Litt. 236. Qum inter alios acta sunt nemini nocere de bent, sed prodesse possunt. Transactions between strangers may benefit, but cannot injure, persons who are not parties to them. 6 Co. 1.