MANGE. The cause of mange is the presence of a minute insect which live on, or burrows under the skin, various animals having their peculiar parasites. First wash the parts well with soap and water to break up and remove crusts or scabs; dry, and apply the following for the horse. Two pounds flowers of sulphur, and one pound quicklime, boiled with two gallons of water, stirring until the ingredients are fully combined. Bathe with this several times a day. Or, take two ounces each of tobacco and white hellebore ; boil in three pints of water, strain, and when cold, add a `pint of fresh lime water. Bathe with as heretofore directed. Scab, mange or itch in sheep, are caused by three different parasites. It is not prevalent in the United States. When sheep are found affected, make the following dip: One pound each of tobacco leaves and of sulphur, to each five gallons of water. Boil the tobacco in water until the strength is exhausted, and add the sulphur.
Dip the sheep in this solution as hot as they can bear it, holding them in about four minutes, and occasionally thrusting the head under, being careful that it does not enter the nose and mouth. Repeat in a week if necessary. For mange in swine, scrub well with soft soap and warm water, and then after drying, rub with the following mixture: One pint of train oil and two drachms each of oil of tar, and oil of tur pentine. To this add one drachm of petroleum, and mix with flowers of sulphur enough to make a thick paste. Rub on well and let it remain for three or four days, then wash off with strong suds of soft soap, change the bedding, and wash the floors and sides of the pen with soap suds in which has been dissolved a little carbolic acid, also give in the feed every day for ten days, one half ounce flowers of sulphur and one drachm nitrate or potash.