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# Measures

## inches, cubic, imperial, gallons, bushel, pounds and gallon

MEASURES. Measure is of length, breadth, and thickness, estimated by known lengths, or compared by other known quantities: Thus there are 12x12x12-1728 cubic inches in a cubic foot; and 3x3x3=27 cubic feet in a cubic yard. The following collated from the Library of Refer ence, will show at a glance, the measures of capacity, weight, length, and time, both ancient and modern. Measures of capacity are: The Imperial gallon is 277,274 cubic inchea. A gill, or quarter of a pint, is 8% inches.

The gallon contains 10 pounds avoirdupois of distilled watereighed in air, at 62°, with the barometer T at 30 inches. Two gallons a peck, eight a bushel, and eight bushels a quarter.

One English wine gallon is equal to .0833111 Imperial gallons.

One ale gallon-1.017045 Imperial.

One corn oushel-0.96943 Imperial.

One Imperial gallon-1.20032 wine gallon.

One Imperial gallon-0.933241 ale gallon.

One Imperial gallon-1.03152 corn gallon.

An Imperial gallon is 4.843952 litres.

Heaped measure, per bushel, is 281531 cubic inches clear. The standard bushel kept at Guildhall contains 2145.6 cubic inches of water, weighing 1131 ounces and 14 penny weights.

The Winchester bushel is 181/4 inches diameter and 8 inches deep, containing 2150.42 cubic inches.

A quarter of corn is the fourth of a ton, and eight bush els, or two sacks.

A strike is four pecks.

1000 ounces of rain water are equal to about 71/4 gallons wine measure, or to a ubic foot.

7 pounds avoirdupois is a gallon of flour.

A chaldron of coals is 58% cubic feet.

Twelve wine gallons of distilled water weigh 100 pounds avoirdupois.

Nineteen cubic inches of distilled water, at weigh 10 ounces, Troy.

A cubic inch of distilled writer at 62°, in a vacuum, is 252.724 grains.

The Imperial measure for heaped goods contains 80 pounds avoirdupois of distilled water, and is 191/4 inches from outside to outside at the bottom; the heap to be in a cone at least six inches high from the outside; three mak ing a sack and twelve sacks a chaldron, which ought to weigh 28 hundredweight.

The Imperial dry bushel, when not heaped, is 2218.192 cubic inches; the peck 554.548; gallon 277.274, and quart 69.8185. The bushel is 8 inches deep, and 18.8 wide; with a heap 6 inches high.

A tun is 2 pipes, 9 hogsheads, 3 puncheons, 8 barrels, or 252 gallons. A pipe of port is 138 gallons; of Lisbon 140; Madeira 110: and sherry 120. The hogshead of claret is 57

gallons, and the anm of Hock 36 gallons ; Tenerife 120, and Cape 20.

A tun of wine is 2 pipes, and each pipe 2 hogsheads of 63 gallons.

A tun of heeris two butts, and each butt 2 hogsheads of 84 gallons.

A bushel of wheat is 60 pounds, rye 58, barley 47, oats 58, peas 64, beans 63, clover seed 68, rape a pounds.

53 hundred weight is a ehaldron at Newcastle, England. _ A keel of 8 Newcastle chaldrons is 15% London ehaldrons. The Imperial corn bushel of 2218.192 cubic inches, is to the Winchester of 2150 42, as 32 to 31.

The Imperial coal bushel of 2816.459 inches is 1% inches more than I he old coal bushel of 2814.9.

The Imperial wine measure is to the old measure as 6 to 5; 5 Imperial gallons being 6 wine gallons and one forty five hundredth over.

The new and old ale measures are as 60 to 59.

To convert old corn measure Into new, multiply by .96993 or thirty-one thirty-seconds; wine by .83311 or five sixths ale by 1.01704 or fifty sixtieths.

Wood, the fuel of France, is sold by the eorde of 576 square feet: and 80 square corder make what is called a journal.

At 70° the specific gravity of water is 0.99913; at 18° ie 1.00113; and at 59° is 1.00064. The difference between 62° and 39° in a gallon of 217.276 inches is oue-tuird of a cubic inch.

A last is a commercial measure, of twelve barrels of soap, ashes, herrings, etc.; ten quarters of corn, or two cart loads ; twenty-four barrels of gunpowder; twelve sacks of wool; sod 1,700 pounds of flax or feathers.

A Scotch pint is four English pints.

A Scotch pint is 105 cubic inches, and a wheat firlot 211 Scotch pints.

The'Scoteh quart 206.8 cubic inches.

A tub of butter is 84 pounds and a firkin 56 pounds. A Scotch boll is an English .sack.

A soldier's canteen contains three pints.

A. litre is 61.0279 English cubic inches, or 2)4 wine pints.

The etere, or cubical metre, is 35.3171 cubic feet English.

There are 545,2670,000 cubical yards in a cubic mile, A Roman quadrantal was a cube containing 80 pounds of wate ,r or 48 sextaries and 8 cong IL A gower was 7 pints. The Ephah was the sixth part, or 1797.7 cubic inches, nearly an English cubic foot.

The Winchester bushel is 35.2466 litres. The stere is 35.317 cubic feet.