MANAGEMENT OF A SWIMMING CARNIVAL All unaffiliated clubs should obtain a permit from the governing association of their respective coun tries before holding a race meeting, otherwise amateurs disqualify themselves from taking part in races held, under the laws of the association. In this connection it is imperative for all Cana dian clubs to write to the Secretary of the Cana dian Amateur Swimming Association, Mont real, the Hon. Secretary of which is Leon ard G. Norris, 183 Versailles Street, Montreal. Permits should be applied for, which fact, when granted, should be on every entry form, posters, etc. The responsible officials of a meeting should be well acquainted with swimming. Everything possible should be done for the comfort of corn petitors, especially when coming from a distance. Always remember to look after them even better than your own club members, and show the best of good sportsmanship throughout the meet. If a team come a long distance, always select some courteous members to meet them at the station. These little courtesies are always remembered and go a long way to make a club popular. All officials should be appointed some time before the carnival, and an official programme gone through care fully before the races. All races should start on the crack of a pistol. The course should be care fully explained to visiting competitors before the races start. If the races take place in open water, see that a patrol boat keeps the course clear of all small craft, and should it be necessary to cross the course of a swimmer, always keep behind him. The writer, in a recent long distance race, was severely handicapped by the President of the Club running the gasoline launch right across the course, directly in front, and those who have had experience of inhaling the exhaust gases from this class of craft, know it is not calculated to improve one's chances. It was no doubt unintentional, but displayed bad management, and is an incident to be carefully guarded against in out-door racing. No pacing should be allowed. When boats are required for any assistance that may be wanted, they should follow up each swimmer. If there are any protests they should be made at the time and adjusted fairly and impartially to all concerned.
Give all possible particulars and rules on the gramme. The following is a fairly good specimen : Invitation-100 yards handicap-4 lengths.
Three prizes-1st Leather Grip.
3rd Match Box.
8 p.m. First Heat.
See. start. Go at 1st, G. Davies, Toronto Swimming Club. 25 5 2nd, S. Job, Hamilton Swimming Club. 5 25 3rd, F. Hopton, Montreal Swimming Club Scr. 30 And in this order until the heats are run off, with the words First in each heat to start in final.
9 p.m. First Heat.
Winner of Heat 1 Winner of Heat 2 Winner of Heat 3 1st F. Hopton. 2nd S. Job. 3rd G. Davies Time, 60 sec. Time, 61 sec. Time, 64 sec.
From this example it will be seen that the com petitor gets his correct starting number by de ducting the time given in the handicaps from the scratch man's limit, who concedes 25 seconds to the slow man, who goes at five, which is called out as the second hand comes to this figure on the watch. This makes it appear somewhat compli cated, but it is the most practical way of handi capping, especially when there are seven or eight in a heat.
With reference to the arrangement of the pro gramme, it is best to arrange it to suit the par ticular class of spectators. If they are young peo ple and college boys, some simple stunts should be performed, always getting up something to create a little fun, such as blind-fold race, tub race, tilting on improvised horses, such as two barrels fitted with the head of a horse cut from wood and paint ed some fantastic colors, labelling them with the name of some well-known racer. This is always a source of great amusement. A team race is very good for giving exhibitions of speed swimming, and usually consists of seven members. although this may be varied to suit different conditions. If the distance is two lengths, one man from either team goes at the word "Go," and swims two lengths, touching the feet of the next man on his side, who at once plunges. This goes on until the last man on either side has started, and the team whose last man gets home first is declared the winner. When both sides are well matched this race proves exciting. The judge should be careful to see that no one leaves his mark before he is touched by the swimmer in his team. Boxing and wrestling in the water are also very good sport and amusement. In wrestling, the stronger man walks on the bottom, bearing the wrestler on his shoulders. When well matched, this proves a very exciting contest. When diving displays are given, they should be representatives of the club's best exponents. In the case of clubs having a small membership, the events should be so ar ranged as to give the most possible rest to com petitors, who should be well rubbed down with rough towels, waiting for the next event in a dry bathing suit. Under no circumstances stand or wait about in a wet bathing suit; it is apt to give chills, and will take more out of a swimmer than actual swimming. All competitors should keep off the starting platform until their numbers are called, and should carry out the commands of the Secretary or Captain promptly.