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Practical Treatise on Disease in Children

Eczema
Eczema. , One Of The Commonest Of Skin Diseases In Early Life, And Often One Of The Most Obstinate, Is Characterised By An Eruption Of Papules, Vesicles, And Sometimes Of Pustules. The Rash Forms More Or Less Extensive Patches Of Redness. These Secrete A Thin Gummy Fluid Which Dries Into ...

Emphysema
Emphysema. Emphysema Is Not Uncommon In The Child. As An Acute Lesion It Is Of Frequent Occurrence, Arising In The Course Of Various Forms Of Pulmonary Disease. It Is Then Of Little Consequence, Is Accompanied By Few Symptoms, And Usually Subsides When The Primary Complaint Has Disappeared. As A Chronic ...

Enlargement Of Tile Spleen
Enlargement Of Tile' Spleen. Is Common In Early Life, And Is Found In The Course Of A Diseases.. The Symptom Is Alluded To Incidentally In The Descriptions Of The Various Forms Of Illness In Which The Phenomenon Occurs ; But The Subject Is Of Sufficient Importance In A Clinical Point ...

Enteric Fever
Enteric Fever. Fever Is Common In Children. A Large Proportion Of The Cases Formerly Described As "infantile Remittent Fever " Were No Doubt Cases Of This Disease. Fortunately In Young Subjects Typhoid Fever Usually Runs A Mild Course. It Would Be, No Doubt, Too Much To Say That, Properly Treated ...

Epidemic Roseola
Epidemic Roseola. Roseola, Often Called Rotheln Or German Measles, Is A Mild Infec Tious Complaint Which Bears So Close A Resemblance To Measles That It Is In All Probability Frequently Confounded With It. The Two Diseases Are, How Ever, Not The Same, For Rotheln Does Not Protect Against Measles, And ...

Epilepsy
Epilepsy, A Disease Which May Vary In Severity From The Most Transient Un Consciousness To Violent Convulsions And Profound Coma, Is Not Uncommon In Children. It Has Been Estimated That Nearly One-third Of The Cases Met With In The Adult Have Begun Under The Age Of Ten Years. The Malady ...

Erysipelas
Erysipelas Is Not Often Seen In Childhood After The Age Of Infancy Has Passed. For A Short Time After Birth, However, There Appears To Be A Special Tendency, Under Favouring Conditions, To Suffer From This Serious Affection ; And In Lying-in Hospitals The Disease Is A Not Unfamiliar One. Amongst ...

Erythema Nodosum
Erythema Nodosum. Although Erythema Nodosum Is Usually Included Amongst The Varieties Of Erythema, It Is Right To Say That The Affection Is Looked Upon By Some Observers As A Specific Illness Which Ought Properly To Be Classed With En Teric Fever And The Other Varieties Of Acute Specific Disease. By ...

Fatty Liver
Fatty Liver. Liver May Be Of Two Kinds. The One Consists In A Mere Abnormal Deposition Of Fat-globules In The Hepatic Cells Without Any Injury Or Degen Eration Of The Cell-wall. This Is Called Fatty Infiltration. The Other Is Fatty Degeneration, In Which The Nutrition Of The Liver-cells Is Interfered ...

Fibroid Induration Of The
Fibroid Induration Of The Lung. Induration Of The Lung (cirrhosis Of The Lung, Interstitial Pneumonia) Is Not Very In Children, And Is Often Mistaken For Phthisis. The Complaint Gives Rise To A Chronic Derangement Of Health Which Is Subject To Marked Variations According To The Season Of The Year. In ...

Firythemata
Firythemata_ The Erythematous Group Of Skin Affections The Rash Presents Itself In The Form Of Slightly Raised Patches Of Redness. These Patches Are Of Variable Size And Shape, Give Rise To Little Or No Constitutional Disturbance, And Run A Very Rapid Course. Iu All Cases The Redness Shows A Smooth ...

Follicular Pharyngitis
Follicular Pharyngitis. Chronic Inflammation Of The Follicles Of The Pharynx Is An Obstinate Com Plaint Which Is Often Seen In Children. The Disorder Is An Important One, As It May Induce Deafness, And Frequently Gives Rise To A Persistent Cough, Which Is A Cause Of Much Anxiety To The Patient's ...

Foreign Bodies En The
Foreign Bodies En The Air-tubes. Passage Of Solid Substances Into The Air-tubes Is A Far From Uncommon Accident And One To Which Children, For Obvious Reasons, Are Peculiarly Liable. Articles Of The Most Varied Description Have Been Inadvertently Drawn Into The Trachea, And Their Retention In The Bronchi May Not ...

Gangrene Of The Lung
Gangrene Of The Lung-. Of The Lung Is Not A Common Disease Of Childhood. If The Num Ber Of Recorded Cases Be A Fair Measure Of The Relative Frequency Of The Lesion, This Form Of Illness Would Appear To Be Much More Often Met With In Adult Life Than At ...

Gangrenous Stomatitis
Gangrenous Stomatitis. Stomatitis (caner= Oris, Or Noma) Is Fortunately Much Less Common Than The Other Inflammatory Affections Of The Mouth And Cheeks. The Disease Is A Very Serious One, And In The Large Majority Of Cases Proves Fatal To The Child. Even When Recovery Happily Occurs, The Destruction Of Tissue, ...

Gastric Catarrh
Gastric Catarrh. Of The Stomach In Early Life Is A Derangement Of Common Occur Rence. It Is Met With In Two Forms—a Febrile And A Non-febrile Variety. A. First Attack Renders .the Gastric Mucous Membrane More Susceptible Than Before, And Predisposes To A Second : On This Account, The Disorder ...

Gastro Intestinal Hemorrhage
Gastro-intestinal Hemorrhage. Hemorrhage May Occur In The Young Subject Both From The Stomach And Bowels. In Gastric Haemorrhage The Blood May Be Vomited Directly From The Stomach, Or May Pass Down The Alimentary Tube And Be Voided Dark, And More Or Less Altered In Appearance, With The Stools. The Presence ...

Hemophilia
Hemophilia Is A Congenital Tendency To Bleeding Which Manifests Itself Shortly After Birth And Lasts The Life Of The Patient. The Hmmorrhage Oc Curs Either Spontaneously Or Upon Slight Provocation, And Can Only Be Arrested With Great Difficulty. The Subjects Of The Disease Also Exhibit A Carious Tendency To Obstinate ...

Herpes Of The Pharynx
Herpes Of The Pharynx. Herpes On The Skin Is A Common Eruption In The Child. Sometimes The Rash Appears On The Pharynx, And Produces Great Discomfort. Causation.—the Causes Of Herpes Are Doubtful. The Complaint Is Said To Be Excited By Exposure To Cold, But A Constitutional Tendency Appears To Be ...

Idiocy
Idiocy. Feebleness Or Deficiency, Either Congenital Or Acquired, Is, Unfortu Nately, A Far From Uncommon Defect In Childhood. The Subject Is An Im Portant One To The Physician, For Although He May Not Be Called Upon To Treat Such Cases, He Is Often Consulted Upon The Chances Of Recovery, And ...

Iiydatid Of The Liver
Iiydatid Of The Liver. Of The Liver Is Sometimes Found In Childhood. The Disease Sel Dom Occurs Earlier Than The Fourth Year Of Life, Although Cruveilhier Has Quoted A Case In An Infant Twelve Days Old, And M. Archambault Has Seen It In A Child Aged Three Years And A ...

Infantile Atrophy
Infantile Atrophy. Atrophy, Or The Slow Which Is A Familiar Symptom In Hand-fed Babies, Is One Of The Commonest Causes Of Death In Early Infancy. The Child Ceases To Digest His Food—possibly He Has Never Begun To Do So ; Gradually Dwindles Away, And After A Longer Or Shorter Period, ...

Inflammatory Diarrhcea
Inflammatory Diarrhcea. Diarrhoea (severe Intestinal Catarrh Or Entero-colitis) Is A Much More Serious Disorder Than The Preceding. The Purging May Be Severe From The First, Or May Begin As A Mild Looseness Of The Bowels, Which Quickly Becomes More Violent, And Is Accompanied By Very Evident Impairment Of The Strength ...