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Camping

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CAMPING. There are camps and camps.

There is the elaborate expensive all-summer camp, run under the direction of trained coun cilors. There are vaca tion-school camps, Boy Scout camps, farm camps.

There is the overnight camp, when you are on a canoeing or walking trip and pitch tent as you go along; and there are the week-end camps, or longer vacation camps, when with a small congenial com pany you get away from school or work to be really alive for a few delightful hours. But whatever the kind of camp, and however varied its setting and equipment, certain fac tors are indispensable— the outdoors and plenty of it, experienced leaders, good and bountiful food, adequate shelter, and last but by no means least a pervading atmosphere of good comradeship.

The large camps, like those of the official Boy Scouts of America, the Camp Fire Girls, and those run for profit, need little discussion here. They are the outcome of years of experience, and depend for their success upon leadership, organization, and equipment rather than upon the camper's own knowl edge of the arts and crafts of camping. Such camps are usually located in Nature's beauty spots. They are in charge of men and women who know and like young folk. No boy or girl can spend a summer under these conditions without emerging fitter all and mentally. Organized camp life is an education in itself and one of the best. For the small camp, where most i boys get their camping experi ence, a few sug gestions may aid 1 in making the camp a success.

Right at the start we must drive home the essential point that no serious camping should ever be undertaken with . out suitable leader ship. There should be at least one grown-up in every camping party.

"What, take a grown-up along?" somebody exclaims.

"That will spoil all the fun." Not at all. Choose your grown-up with care—somebody who knows and likes boys as he knows and likes the out-of-doors.

Choose one who can hike and swim with the best of you, and if possible one who knows the woods and their in habitants from long experience. Emergencies will arise which call for more than a boy's wits and experi ence. The lamentable death toll among boys every

year from drowning alone gives evidence of the risks of undirected outdoor sports. Also, somebody has to be "boss." Every boy who has rowed in a race, played baseball or football, or made one of an orchestra, knows that cooperation and good will are not enough.

Where everybody is boss, nobody is boss, and the broth is spoiled by too many cooks. And it is easier for a grown-up than for a boy, no matter what tact and skill at leadership the boy possesses, to command other boys. So, take your grown-up along, not as "excess baggage" but as a captain.

The Importance of the Site In the next place choose your camp site as care fully as you choose your grown-up. Select a dry level open location, preferably on a slight elevation so that water will readily drain off in case of rain.

Consider wood and water supply. The wood must be the kind that will burn and that you have a right to burn. No good camper will be a trespasser. The drinking water must be pure. Typhoid germs are far too dangerous to admit them into your system. You have heard of that trite old "ounce of prevention." There was never a better place to apply it than in considering your camp site.

Here are a few more points to bear in mind. Sandy soil will not hold tent pegs; neither will loam or clay when wet. Therefore choose gravelly soil, if possible through which surface water will percolate readily Don't pitch tent in a ravine or a depression, unles you wish to feel as if you were in the front line trenche when rainy weather sets in. Choose an easterly o southerly exposure and one that open to the sun fo: the better part o the day.

Camping

Camp sanitatim is of the utmos importance. One of the first tasks i: to provide a latrine at a sufficient dis tance from camp tc prevent odors from filtering back anc also to prevent any possibility of con rupting the water supply. A pH should always be dug and the deposi1 covered immediately by loose earth or, better still, by leaf-mold. Air-slaked lime should be applied daily, if possible.

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