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ABIATHAR, in the Old Testament, son of Ahimelech, priest of Nob. He alone escaped from the massacre carried out by Doeg. Fleeing to David, he remained with him throughout his wanderings and his reign. He was loyal through the rebellion of Absalom, but supported Adonijah against Solomon, and was ban ished to Anathoth. He probably represents an early rival house to that of Zadok, the official priestly family of Jerusalem down to the exile. (See especially I Sam. xxii. seq., II Sam. xv. xx., I Ki. i. ii. iv.)