ABIJAH, a name borne by nine different persons mentioned in the Old Testament, of whom the most noteworthy are (I) the son and successor of Rehoboam, king of Judah (c. 918-915 B.c.). The accounts of him in the books of Kings and Chronicles are very conflicting (cf. I Kings xv. 2 and II Chron. xi. 20 with II Chron. xiii. 2) ; (2) the second son of Samuel. He and his brother Joel judged at Beersheba, and their misconduct was made a pretext for demanding a king (I Sam. viii. 4).