ABILENE, a city of Texas, U.S.A., about i5om. W. by S. of Fort Worth, at an altitude of i,800ft., almost at the geographical centre of the State; the county seat of Taylor county. It is on the Bankhead highway, and is served by the Texas and Pacific, the Abilene and Southern and the Wichita Valley railways, and by seven motor-stage lines. Between I90o and 1920 the population increased threefold, from 3,411 to 10,274; and in 193o was 23,175.
Abilene is the distributing centre for a fine farming and stock raising district. Around it are many producing petroleum pools. It has 75 jobbing houses, and is headquarters for a score of oil companies. Natural gas is abundant. Cotton-seed and peanut products, poultry and stock feeds, poultry remedies, pressed brick and artificial limbs are manufactured. There are railway shops and two creameries. The assessed valuation of property in 1926 was $20,565,865. The West Texas State fair is held here. Abilene is the seat of the West Texas Baptist hospital, which conducts a training-school for nurses ; and of a State colony for epileptics. The city has a commission form of government. Its site was deter mined by the route of the Texas and Pacific railway. When it was extended through this region new towns sprang up as sections were completed, and at mile-post 407, on March 16, 1881, the first sale of building lots was held for the city of Abilene.