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ABJURATION, a solemn repudiation or renunciation on oath. At common law, it signified the oath of a person who had taken sanctuary to leave the realm for ever; this was abolished in the reign of James I. The Oath of Abjuration, in English history, was a solemn disclaimer, taken by members of parlia ment, clergy and laymen against the right of the Stuarts to the Crown, imposed by laws of William III., George I. and George III. ; but its place has since been taken by the Oath of Allegiance.